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Atmosphere 2018, 9(10), 380; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos9100380

Large-Scale Modeling of Absorbing Aerosols and Their Semi-Direct Effects

Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research, 04318 Leipzig, Germany
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Received: 19 July 2018 / Revised: 22 September 2018 / Accepted: 24 September 2018 / Published: 28 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Radiative Transfer in the Earth Atmosphere)
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Abstract

Radiative effects of absorbing black carbon and mineral dust aerosols are estimated from global aerosol climate model simulations with fixed sea surface temperatures as a boundary condition. Semi-direct effects are approximated as the residual between the total direct radiative effect and the instantaneous direct radiative effect of the simulated absorbing aerosol species. No distinction is made for aerosols from natural and anthropogenic sources. Results for global average are highly uncertain due to high model variability, but consistent with previous estimates. The global average results for black carbon aerosol semi-direct effects are small due to cancellation of regionally positive or negative effects, and may be positive or negative overall, depending on the model setup. The presence of mineral dust aerosol above dark surfaces and below a layer containing black carbon aerosol may enhance the reflectivity and act to enhance the positive radiative effect of black carbon aerosol. When mineral dust is absent the semi-direct effect at the top-of-atmosphere of black carbon aerosol from both anthropogenic and natural sources is −0.03 Wm−2, while averaging to +0.09 Wm−2 if dust is included. View Full-Text
Keywords: absorbing aerosol; radiative budget; semi-direct effect absorbing aerosol; radiative budget; semi-direct effect
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Tegen, I.; Heinold, B. Large-Scale Modeling of Absorbing Aerosols and Their Semi-Direct Effects. Atmosphere 2018, 9, 380.

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