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Article

Spatial and Temporal Variation of NO2 Vertical Column Densities (VCDs) over Poland: Comparison of the Sentinel-5P TROPOMI Observations and the GEM-AQ Model Simulations

1
Institute of Environment Protection—National Research Institute, 01-692 Warsaw, Poland
2
Faculty of Building Services, Warsaw University of Technology, 00-653 Warsaw, Poland
3
Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 01-452 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Theodoros Christoudias
Atmosphere 2021, 12(7), 896; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12070896
Received: 15 June 2021 / Revised: 2 July 2021 / Accepted: 5 July 2021 / Published: 10 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Air Quality in Poland)
The TROPOMI instrument aboard Sentinel-5P is a relatively new, high-resolution source of information about atmosphere composition. One of the primary atmospheric trace gases that we can observe is nitrogen dioxide. Thanks to TROPOMI capabilities (high resolution and short revisit time), one can describe regional and seasonal NO2 concentration patterns. Thus far, such patterns have been analysed by either ground measurements (which have been limited to specific locations and only to the near-surface troposphere layer) or numerical models. This paper compares the TROPOMI and GEM-AQ derived vertical column densities (VCD) over Poland, focusing on large point sources. Although well established in atmospheric science, the GEM-AQ simulations are always based on emission data, which in the case of the energy sector were reported by stack operators. In addition, we checked how cloudy conditions influence TROPOMI results. Finally, we tried to link the NO2 column number densities with surface concentration using boundary layer height as an additional explanatory variable. Our results showed a general underestimation of NO2 tropospheric column number density by the GEM-AQ model (compared to the TROPOMI). However, for the locations of the most significant point sources, we noticed a systematic overestimation by the GEM-AQ model (excluding spring and summer months when TROPOMI presents larger NO2 VCDs than GEM-AQ). For the winter months, we have found TROPOMI NO2 VCD results highly dependent on the choice of qa_value threshold. View Full-Text
Keywords: air pollution; NO2; Sentinel-5P; TROPOMI; GEM-AQ; Poland air pollution; NO2; Sentinel-5P; TROPOMI; GEM-AQ; Poland
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kawka, M.; Struzewska, J.; Kaminski, J.W. Spatial and Temporal Variation of NO2 Vertical Column Densities (VCDs) over Poland: Comparison of the Sentinel-5P TROPOMI Observations and the GEM-AQ Model Simulations. Atmosphere 2021, 12, 896. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12070896

AMA Style

Kawka M, Struzewska J, Kaminski JW. Spatial and Temporal Variation of NO2 Vertical Column Densities (VCDs) over Poland: Comparison of the Sentinel-5P TROPOMI Observations and the GEM-AQ Model Simulations. Atmosphere. 2021; 12(7):896. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12070896

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kawka, Marcin, Joanna Struzewska, and Jacek W. Kaminski 2021. "Spatial and Temporal Variation of NO2 Vertical Column Densities (VCDs) over Poland: Comparison of the Sentinel-5P TROPOMI Observations and the GEM-AQ Model Simulations" Atmosphere 12, no. 7: 896. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12070896

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