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Methodological Aspects for the Implementation of the Air Pesticide Control and Surveillance Network (PESTNet) of the Valencian Region (Spain)
Article

Pesticide Inhalation Exposure of Applicators and Bystanders Using Conventional and Innovative Cropping Systems in the Valencian Region, Spain

1
Foundation for the Promotion of Health and Biomedical Research in the Valencia Region, FISABIO-Public Health, 21, Avenida Catalunya, 46020 Valencia, Spain
2
Environmental and Public Health Analytical Chemistry, Research Institute for Pesticides and Water, University Jaume I, S/N, Avda Sos Baynat, Castelló de la Plana, 12071 Castelló, Spain
3
Public Health Laboratory of Valencia, 21, Avenida Catalunya, 46020 Valencia, Spain
4
Analytical Chemistry Department, University of Valencia, Edifici Jeroni Muñoz, Carrer del Dr. Moliner 50, 46100 Burjassot, Spain
5
Insitituto Universitario UMH-CEAM, C/Charles Darwin, 14, Parque Tecnológico, Paterna, 46980 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maurice Millet
Atmosphere 2021, 12(5), 631; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12050631
Received: 1 April 2021 / Revised: 10 May 2021 / Accepted: 11 May 2021 / Published: 15 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Agricultural Pollutants in the Atmosphere)
This paper provides scientific results from a European LIFE project carried out in the Valencian region of Spain during the 2017 to 2018 time frame. In 2018, more than 60,000 tons of pesticides were commercialized in Spain, with approximately 15% destined for Valencian crops. In order to improve the air quality in the agricultural areas of this region, an innovative cropping system based on irrigation was developed and compared to conventional treatments based on hand-spray and turbo application. After applying conventional treatments to five types of crops (citrus, persimmon, nectarine, watermelon, and other stone fruits), a total of 13 active substances were detected in the air. The same active substances were applied to crops using the novel irrigation system, and no pesticide was detected in the air. Moreover, applicator and bystander populations in the region were assessed for their risk of inhalation exposure to pesticides, and no risk was found when either of the techniques, the innovative and the conventional agricultural one, were applied. View Full-Text
Keywords: pesticide; inhalation; applicators; bystanders; human exposure; cropping systems pesticide; inhalation; applicators; bystanders; human exposure; cropping systems
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fuentes, E.; López, A.; Ibáñez, M.; Yusà, V.; Muñoz, A.; Vera, T.; Borrás, E.; Calvete-Sogo, H.; Coscollà, C. Pesticide Inhalation Exposure of Applicators and Bystanders Using Conventional and Innovative Cropping Systems in the Valencian Region, Spain. Atmosphere 2021, 12, 631. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12050631

AMA Style

Fuentes E, López A, Ibáñez M, Yusà V, Muñoz A, Vera T, Borrás E, Calvete-Sogo H, Coscollà C. Pesticide Inhalation Exposure of Applicators and Bystanders Using Conventional and Innovative Cropping Systems in the Valencian Region, Spain. Atmosphere. 2021; 12(5):631. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12050631

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fuentes, Esther, Antonio López, María Ibáñez, Vicent Yusà, Amalia Muñoz, Teresa Vera, Esther Borrás, Héctor Calvete-Sogo, and Clara Coscollà. 2021. "Pesticide Inhalation Exposure of Applicators and Bystanders Using Conventional and Innovative Cropping Systems in the Valencian Region, Spain" Atmosphere 12, no. 5: 631. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12050631

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