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Article

Future Holiday Climate Index (HCI) Performance of Urban and Beach Destinations in the Mediterranean

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Department of Geography, Umeå University, 90187 Umeå, Sweden
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Institute of Environmental Sciences, Bogazici University, 34342 Istanbul, Turkey
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Center for Climate Change and Policy Studies (iklimBU), Bogazici University, 34342 Istanbul, Turkey
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Graduate Programs in Computational Science and Engineering, Bogazici University, 34342 Istanbul, Turkey
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Department of Management, Marketing and Entrepreneurship, University of Canterbury, Christchurch 827748, New Zealand
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Geography Research Unit, University of Oulu, FI-90014 Oulu, Finland
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School of Business and Economics, Linnaeus University, 35195 Kalmar, Sweden
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Institutionen för service management och tjänstevetenskap, Lunds universitet, 25108 Helsingborg, Sweden
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Department of Physics, Bogazici University, 34342 Istanbul, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2020, 11(9), 911; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11090911
Received: 1 July 2020 / Revised: 12 August 2020 / Accepted: 22 August 2020 / Published: 27 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Challenges in Applied Human Biometeorology)
Tourism is a major socioeconomic contributor to established and emerging destinations in the Mediterranean region. Recent studies introducing the Holiday Climate Index (HCI) highlight the significance of climate as a factor in sustaining the competitiveness of coastal and urban destinations. The aim of this study is to assess the future HCI performance of urban and beach destinations in the greater Mediterranean region. For this purpose, HCI scores for the reference (1971–2000) and future (2021–2050, 2070–2099) periods were computed with the use of two latest greenhouse gas concentration trajectories, RCP 4.5 and 8.5, based on the Middle East North Africa (MENA) Coordinated Regional Downscaling Experiment (CORDEX) domain and data. The outputs were adjusted to a 500 m resolution via the use of lapse rate corrections that extrapolate the climate model topography against a resampled digital elevation model. All periodic results were seasonally aggregated and visualized on a (web) geographical information system (GIS). The web version of the GIS also allowed for a basic climate service where any user can search her/his place of interest overlaid with index ratings. Exposure levels are revealed at the macro scale while sensitivity is discussed through a validation of the climatic outputs against visitation data for one of Mediterranean’s leading destinations, Antalya. View Full-Text
Keywords: Holiday Climate Index (HCI); beach tourism; urban tourism; climate modeling; climate change; Antalya; Mediterranean Holiday Climate Index (HCI); beach tourism; urban tourism; climate modeling; climate change; Antalya; Mediterranean
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MDPI and ACS Style

Demiroglu, O.C.; Saygili-Araci, F.S.; Pacal, A.; Hall, C.M.; Kurnaz, M.L. Future Holiday Climate Index (HCI) Performance of Urban and Beach Destinations in the Mediterranean. Atmosphere 2020, 11, 911. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11090911

AMA Style

Demiroglu OC, Saygili-Araci FS, Pacal A, Hall CM, Kurnaz ML. Future Holiday Climate Index (HCI) Performance of Urban and Beach Destinations in the Mediterranean. Atmosphere. 2020; 11(9):911. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11090911

Chicago/Turabian Style

Demiroglu, O. C., F. S. Saygili-Araci, Aytac Pacal, C. M. Hall, and M. L. Kurnaz 2020. "Future Holiday Climate Index (HCI) Performance of Urban and Beach Destinations in the Mediterranean" Atmosphere 11, no. 9: 911. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11090911

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