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Article

Affective Normative Data for English Weather Words

College of Education, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
Atmosphere 2020, 11(8), 860; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11080860
Received: 15 July 2020 / Revised: 8 August 2020 / Accepted: 10 August 2020 / Published: 14 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Challenges in Applied Human Biometeorology)
The research in this article examines the emotional associations people have to common weather words and to selected terms that appear in weather communications (e.g., severe thunderstorm warning). A sample of 420 university students provided ratings for each term along four dimensions: 1. Valence (unhappy vs. happy), 2. Arousal (calm vs. excited), 3. Dominance (in control/dominant vs. controlled/passive), and 4. Surprise (unsurprising/predictable vs. surprising/unpredictable). The results of this research provide descriptive statistical data for the 141 weather words along the four dimensions. The author also examined the correlations of the four dimensions across the terms and observed a high degree of association between the rated arousal and surprise characteristics of terms. In addition, the results revealed the clustering of weather words according to shared similarities across the four affective dimensions (illustrating affective-based synonymy). The results of the research are significant because they reveal a deeper understanding of the subjective and emotional experiences of the atmosphere that people may have when describing the weather of a place. Similarly, the normative data from this research may be used in the analysis of weather- or climate-based communications to characterize the emotional significance or impact of a message. View Full-Text
Keywords: affect; biometeorology; emotion; climate; communication; lexicon; linguistics; weather affect; biometeorology; emotion; climate; communication; lexicon; linguistics; weather
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MDPI and ACS Style

Stewart, A.E. Affective Normative Data for English Weather Words. Atmosphere 2020, 11, 860. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11080860

AMA Style

Stewart AE. Affective Normative Data for English Weather Words. Atmosphere. 2020; 11(8):860. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11080860

Chicago/Turabian Style

Stewart, Alan E. 2020. "Affective Normative Data for English Weather Words" Atmosphere 11, no. 8: 860. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11080860

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