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Parameterization of Wave-Induced Mixing Using the Large Eddy Simulation (LES) (I)

1
School of Marine Sciences, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
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Southern Laboratory of Ocean Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory, Zhuhai 519082, China
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Laboratory for Regional Oceanography and Numerical Modeling, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266061, China
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First Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Natural Resources, Qingdao 266061, China
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Key Laboratory of Marine Science and Numerical Modeling, Ministry of Natural Resources, Qingdao 266061, China
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College of Ocean Science and Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2020, 11(2), 207; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11020207
Received: 5 January 2020 / Revised: 10 February 2020 / Accepted: 12 February 2020 / Published: 15 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Biosphere/Hydrosphere/Land–Atmosphere Interactions)
Turbulent motions in the thin ocean surface boundary layer control exchanges of momentum, heat and trace gases between the atmosphere and ocean. However, present parametric equations of turbulent motions that are applied to global climate models result in systematic or substantial errors in the ocean surface boundary layer. Significant mixing caused by surface wave processes is missed in most parametric equations. A Large Eddy Simulation model is applied to investigate the wave-induced mixed layer structure. In the wave-averaged equations, wave effects are calculated as Stokes forces and breaking waves. To examine the effects of wave parameters on mixing, a series of wave conditions with varying wavelengths and heights are used to drive the model, resulting in a variety of Langmuir turbulence and wave breaking outcomes. These experiments suggest that wave-induced mixing is more sensitive to wave heights than to the wavelength. A series of numerical experiments with different wind intensities-induced Stokes drifts are also conducted to investigate wave-induced mixing. As the wind speed increases, the influence depth of Langmuir circulation deepens. Additionally, it is observed that breaking waves could destroy Langmuir cells mainly at the sea surface, rather than at deeper layers. View Full-Text
Keywords: Langmuir turbulence; Large Eddy Simulation; breaking waves; ocean surface boundary layer Langmuir turbulence; Large Eddy Simulation; breaking waves; ocean surface boundary layer
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Wang, H.; Dong, C.; Yang, Y.; Gao, X. Parameterization of Wave-Induced Mixing Using the Large Eddy Simulation (LES) (I). Atmosphere 2020, 11, 207.

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