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Open AccessArticle

A Stratospheric Intrusion-Influenced Ozone Pollution Episode Associated with an Intense Horizontal-Trough Event

1
School of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
2
Department of Atmospheric Science, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2020, 11(2), 164; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11020164
Received: 15 December 2019 / Revised: 28 January 2020 / Accepted: 28 January 2020 / Published: 4 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ozone Evolution in the Past and Future)
Ozone pollution is currently a serious issue in China. As an important source of tropospheric ozone, the stratospheric ozone has received less concern. This study uses a combination of ground-based ozone measurements, the latest ERA5 reanalysis data as well as chemistry-climate model and Lagrangian Particle Dispersion Modeling (LPDM) simulations to investigate the potential impacts of stratospheric intrusion (SI) on surface ozone pollution episodes in eastern China. Station-based observations indicate that severe ozone pollution occurred from 27 April to 28 April 2018 in eastern China, with maximal values over 140 ppbv. ERA5 meteorological and ozone data suggest that a strong horizontal-trough exists at the same time, which leads to an evident SI event and brings ozone-rich air from the stratosphere to the troposphere. Using a stratospheric ozone tracer defined by NCAR’s Community Atmosphere Model with Chemistry (CAM-Chem), we conclude that this SI event contributed about 15 ppbv (15%) to the surface ozone pollution episode during 27–28 April in eastern China. The potential impacts of SI events on surface ozone variations should be therefore considered in ozone forecast and control.
Keywords: tropospheric ozone; stratospheric intrusion; horizontal-trough tropospheric ozone; stratospheric intrusion; horizontal-trough
MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, Y.; Wang, H.; Wang, W. A Stratospheric Intrusion-Influenced Ozone Pollution Episode Associated with an Intense Horizontal-Trough Event. Atmosphere 2020, 11, 164.

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