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Article

Graz Lagrangian Model (GRAL) for Pollutants Tracking and Estimating Sources Partial Contributions to Atmospheric Pollution in Highly Urbanized Areas

1
A2 Research and Development Lab, 660011 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
2
GIS Department, Siberian Federal University, 660041 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2020, 11(12), 1375; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11121375
Received: 5 November 2020 / Revised: 14 December 2020 / Accepted: 17 December 2020 / Published: 19 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Atmospheric Trace Gas Source Detection and Quantification)
Computational modeling allows studying the air quality problems in depth and provides the best solution reducing the population risks. This research demonstrates the Graz Lagrangian model effectiveness for assessing emission sources contributions to the air pollution: particles tracking and accumulation estimate. The article describes model setting up parameters and datasets preparation for the analysis. The experiment simulated the dispersion from the main groups of emission sources for real weather conditions during 96 h of December 2018, when significant excess of NO2, CO, SO2, PM10, and benzo(a)pyrene concentrations were observed in the Krasnoyarsk surface atmospheric layer. The computational domain was a parallelepiped of 40 × 30 × 2.5 km, which was located deep inside the Eurasian continent on a heterogeneous landscape exaggerated by high-rise buildings, with various pollutions sources and the ice-free Yenisei River. The results demonstrated an excellent applicability of the Lagrange model for hourly tracking of particle trajectories, taking into account the urban landscape. For values <1 MPC (maximum permissible concentration) of peak pollutants concentrations, the coincidences were 93 cases, and for values < 0.1 shares of MPC, there were 36 cases out of the total number of 97. The same was found for the average daily concentration for values <1 MPC—31, and for values <0.1 MPC—5 matches out of 44. Wind speeds COR—65.3%, wind directions COR—68.6%. The Graz Lagrangian model showed the ability to simulate air quality problems in the Krasnoyarsk greater area conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: air quality; air dispersion modeling; GRAL; Lagrangian model; air pollutants tracking; computational fluid dynamics; model performance evaluation air quality; air dispersion modeling; GRAL; Lagrangian model; air pollutants tracking; computational fluid dynamics; model performance evaluation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Romanov, A.A.; Gusev, B.A.; Leonenko, E.V.; Tamarovskaya, A.N.; Vasiliev, A.S.; Zaytcev, N.E.; Philippov, I.K. Graz Lagrangian Model (GRAL) for Pollutants Tracking and Estimating Sources Partial Contributions to Atmospheric Pollution in Highly Urbanized Areas. Atmosphere 2020, 11, 1375. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11121375

AMA Style

Romanov AA, Gusev BA, Leonenko EV, Tamarovskaya AN, Vasiliev AS, Zaytcev NE, Philippov IK. Graz Lagrangian Model (GRAL) for Pollutants Tracking and Estimating Sources Partial Contributions to Atmospheric Pollution in Highly Urbanized Areas. Atmosphere. 2020; 11(12):1375. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11121375

Chicago/Turabian Style

Romanov, Aleksey A.; Gusev, Boris A.; Leonenko, Egor V.; Tamarovskaya, Anastasia N.; Vasiliev, Alexander S.; Zaytcev, Nikolai E.; Philippov, Ilia K. 2020. "Graz Lagrangian Model (GRAL) for Pollutants Tracking and Estimating Sources Partial Contributions to Atmospheric Pollution in Highly Urbanized Areas" Atmosphere 11, no. 12: 1375. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11121375

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