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Article

Analyses of Climate Variations at Four Meteorological Stations on Remote Islands in the Croatian Part of the Adriatic Sea

1
Architecture and Geodesy, Faculty of Civil Engineering, University of Split, Matice Hrvatske 15, 21000 Split, Croatia
2
Department of Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology, Croatian Geological Survey, Sachsova 2, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2020, 11(10), 1044; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11101044
Received: 1 September 2020 / Revised: 28 September 2020 / Accepted: 29 September 2020 / Published: 30 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change and Blue Economy in Islands)
The Mediterranean region is one of the regions in the world that is most vulnerable to the impact of imminent climate change. In particular, climate change has an adverse effect on both the ecosystem and socioeconomic system, influencing water availability for both human and environmental purposes. The most endangered water resources are along the coasts and on islands since they have relatively small volumes and are intensively exploited. We analyzed the time series of air temperature and precipitation measured at four meteorological stations (Komiža, Palagruža, Lastovo, and Biševo) located on small islands in the Croatian part of the Adriatic Sea in this study. The investigated time series extend from the 1950s to the present, being contemporaneous for approximately 50 years. Despite possessing discontinuity, they can be considered as representative for assessing climate change and variability in the scattered environment of the Croatian islands. The results showed increasing trends in the annual air temperature, while the annual cumulative precipitation did not show significant variations. In addition, the analyses of the monthly air temperature showed that statistically significant increasing trends occurred from April to August, suggesting a more severe impact during these months. These results are in accordance with regional and local studies and climate models. Although the climate variability during the analyzed period can be considered as moderate, the impact on water resources could be severe due to the combined effect of the increase in air temperature during warm periods and the intensive exploitation for tourism purposes. View Full-Text
Keywords: air temperature; precipitation; global warming; Mediterranean; Adriatic Sea air temperature; precipitation; global warming; Mediterranean; Adriatic Sea
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bonacci, O.; Patekar, M.; Pola, M.; Roje-Bonacci, T. Analyses of Climate Variations at Four Meteorological Stations on Remote Islands in the Croatian Part of the Adriatic Sea. Atmosphere 2020, 11, 1044. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11101044

AMA Style

Bonacci O, Patekar M, Pola M, Roje-Bonacci T. Analyses of Climate Variations at Four Meteorological Stations on Remote Islands in the Croatian Part of the Adriatic Sea. Atmosphere. 2020; 11(10):1044. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11101044

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bonacci, Ognjen, Matko Patekar, Marco Pola, and Tanja Roje-Bonacci. 2020. "Analyses of Climate Variations at Four Meteorological Stations on Remote Islands in the Croatian Part of the Adriatic Sea" Atmosphere 11, no. 10: 1044. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11101044

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