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Open AccessArticle

Effects of Drought-Flood Abrupt Alternation on the Growth of Summer Maize

1
State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, China
2
College of Hydrology and Water Resources, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
3
College of Environmental Science and Engineering, State Environmental Protection Engineering Center for Pollution Treatment and Control in Textile Industry, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2020, 11(1), 21; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11010021
Received: 2 December 2019 / Revised: 21 December 2019 / Accepted: 23 December 2019 / Published: 25 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Biometeorology)
Climate change, especially precipitation change, will significantly change soil moisture, which then influences root growth, further affecting yield and grain quality. Previous studies focused on the drought or flood effects on summer maize growth. However, few studied the effects of drought-flood abrupt alternation (DFAA) on the growth of summer maize. We explored the DFAA impacts on the roots, leaf area index (LAI), yield, and grain quality in field. The main results show that DFAA had different impacts on the summer maize growth in the seeding-jointing stage (SJS) and tasseling-grain filling stage (TGS). In general, the DFAA reduced the yield. Roots at the depth of 40 cm had obviously positive impacts on the yield. The DFAA reduced the LAI and promoted the maximum LAI achieving in advance. The grain crude protein augmented under DFAA. The drought had evidently negative impacts on the grain crude fat in the TGS, while it had no obvious influence in the SJS. DFAA had no apparent impact on the grain crude starch. These results could provide some references for the effects and adaptation-strategies study of extreme climate events and their impacts on growth of summer maize. View Full-Text
Keywords: drought-flood abrupt alternation; summer maize; root; grain yield; grain quality drought-flood abrupt alternation; summer maize; root; grain yield; grain quality
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Bi, W.; Wang, M.; Weng, B.; Yan, D.; Yang, Y.; Wang, J. Effects of Drought-Flood Abrupt Alternation on the Growth of Summer Maize. Atmosphere 2020, 11, 21.

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