Measurements and Modelling of Offshore Wind Profiles in a Semi-Enclosed Sea
AbstractA conically scanning, continuous-wave LIDAR is placed on an island in the central Baltic Sea with large open-water fetch, providing wind and turbulence profiles up to 300 m height. LIDAR and Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) profiles from one year are used to characterize the marine boundary layer, at the same time performing an evaluation of the WRF model against LIDAR measurements with a focus on low-level jet representation. A good agreement is found between the average wind speed profile in WRF and LIDAR, with the largest bias occurring during stable conditions. The LLJ frequency is highest in May with frequency of occurrence ranging between 18% and 27% depending on the method of detection. Most of the LLJs occur during nighttime, indicating that most of them do not have local origin. For cases with simultaneous LLJs in both data sets the WRF agrees well with the LIDAR. In many cases, however, the LLJ is misplaced in time or space in the WRF simulations compared to the LIDAR. This shows that models still must be improved to capture mesoscale effects in the coastal zone. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Svensson, N.; Arnqvist, J.; Bergström, H.; Rutgersson, A.; Sahlée, E. Measurements and Modelling of Offshore Wind Profiles in a Semi-Enclosed Sea. Atmosphere 2019, 10, 194.
Svensson N, Arnqvist J, Bergström H, Rutgersson A, Sahlée E. Measurements and Modelling of Offshore Wind Profiles in a Semi-Enclosed Sea. Atmosphere. 2019; 10(4):194.Chicago/Turabian Style
Svensson, Nina; Arnqvist, Johan; Bergström, Hans; Rutgersson, Anna; Sahlée, Erik. 2019. "Measurements and Modelling of Offshore Wind Profiles in a Semi-Enclosed Sea." Atmosphere 10, no. 4: 194.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.