Structure-Specific Endonucleases and the Resolution of Chromosome Underreplication
AbstractComplete genome duplication in every cell cycle is fundamental for genome stability and cell survival. However, chromosome replication is frequently challenged by obstacles that impede DNA replication fork (RF) progression, which subsequently causes replication stress (RS). Cells have evolved pathways of RF protection and restart that mitigate the consequences of RS and promote the completion of DNA synthesis prior to mitotic chromosome segregation. If there is entry into mitosis with underreplicated chromosomes, this results in sister-chromatid entanglements, chromosome breakage and rearrangements and aneuploidy in daughter cells. Here, we focus on the resolution of persistent replication intermediates by the structure-specific endonucleases (SSEs) MUS81, SLX1-SLX4 and GEN1. Their actions and a recently discovered pathway of mitotic DNA repair synthesis have emerged as important facilitators of replication completion and sister chromatid detachment in mitosis. As RS is induced by oncogene activation and is a common feature of cancer cells, any advances in our understanding of the molecular mechanisms related to chromosome underreplication have important biomedical implications. View Full-Text
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Falquet, B.; Rass, U. Structure-Specific Endonucleases and the Resolution of Chromosome Underreplication. Genes 2019, 10, 232.
Falquet B, Rass U. Structure-Specific Endonucleases and the Resolution of Chromosome Underreplication. Genes. 2019; 10(3):232.Chicago/Turabian Style
Falquet, Benoît; Rass, Ulrich. 2019. "Structure-Specific Endonucleases and the Resolution of Chromosome Underreplication." Genes 10, no. 3: 232.
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