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Genes 2019, 10(3), 206; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes10030206

Identification of Novel Interaction Partners of Ets-1: Focus on DNA Repair

University of Lille, CNRS UMR8576 UGSF, Institute for Structural and Functional Glycobiology, F-59000 Lille, France
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Received: 31 January 2019 / Revised: 4 March 2019 / Accepted: 5 March 2019 / Published: 8 March 2019
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Abstract

The transcription factor Ets-1 (ETS proto-oncogene 1) shows low expression levels except in specific biological processes like haematopoiesis or angiogenesis. Elevated levels of expression are observed in tumor progression, resulting in Ets-1 being named an oncoprotein. It has recently been shown that Ets-1 interacts with two DNA repair enzymes, PARP-1 (poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1) and DNA-PK (DNA-dependent protein kinase), through two different domains and that these interactions play a role in cancer. Considering that Ets-1 can bind to distinctly different domains of two DNA repair enzymes, we hypothesized that the interaction can be transposed onto homologs of the respective domains. We have searched for sequence and structure homologs of the interacting ETS(Ets-1), BRCT(PARP-1) and SAP(DNA-PK) domains, and have identified several candidate binding pairs that are currently not annotated as such. Many of the Ets-1 partners are associated to DNA repair mechanisms. We have applied protein-protein docking to establish putative interaction poses and investigated these using centrality analyses at the protein residue level. Most of the identified poses are virtually similar to our recently established interaction model for Ets-1/PARP-1 and Ets-1/DNA-PK. Our work illustrates the potentially high number of interactors of Ets-1, in particular involved in DNA repair mechanisms, which shows the oncoprotein as a potential important regulator of the mechanism. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ets-1; oncoprotein; DNA repair; biological networks; protein-protein interaction; Residue Interaction Networks Ets-1; oncoprotein; DNA repair; biological networks; protein-protein interaction; Residue Interaction Networks
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Brysbaert, G.; de Ruyck, J.; Aumercier, M.; Lensink, M.F. Identification of Novel Interaction Partners of Ets-1: Focus on DNA Repair. Genes 2019, 10, 206.

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