Epitranscriptomic Signatures in lncRNAs and Their Possible Roles in Cancer
AbstractIn contrast to the amazing exponential growth in knowledge related to long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) involved in cell homeostasis or dysregulated pathological states, little is known so far about the links between the chemical modifications occurring in lncRNAs and their function. Generally, ncRNAs are post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression, but RNA modifications occurring in lncRNAs generate an additional layer of gene expression control. Chemical modifications that have been reported in correlation with lncRNAs include m6A, m5C and pseudouridylation. Up to date, several chemically modified long non-coding transcripts have been identified and associated with different pathologies, including cancers. This review presents the current level of knowledge on the most studied cancer-related lncRNAs, such as the metastasis associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1), the Hox transcript antisense intergenic RNA (HOTAIR), or the X-inactive specific transcript (XIST), as well as more recently discovered forms, and their potential roles in different types of cancer. Understanding how these RNA modifications occur, and the correlation between lncRNA changes in structure and function, may open up new therapeutic possibilities in cancer. View Full-Text
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Dinescu, S.; Ignat, S.; Lazar, A.D.; Constantin, C.; Neagu, M.; Costache, M. Epitranscriptomic Signatures in lncRNAs and Their Possible Roles in Cancer. Genes 2019, 10, 52.
Dinescu S, Ignat S, Lazar AD, Constantin C, Neagu M, Costache M. Epitranscriptomic Signatures in lncRNAs and Their Possible Roles in Cancer. Genes. 2019; 10(1):52.Chicago/Turabian Style
Dinescu, Sorina; Ignat, Simona; Lazar, Andreea D.; Constantin, Carolina; Neagu, Monica; Costache, Marieta. 2019. "Epitranscriptomic Signatures in lncRNAs and Their Possible Roles in Cancer." Genes 10, no. 1: 52.
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