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Open AccessArticle

Heat Stress-Induced Multiple Multipolar Divisions of Human Cancer Cells

Institute of Biomechanics and Medical Engineering, AML, Department of Engineering Mechanics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
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Cells 2019, 8(8), 888; https://doi.org/10.3390/cells8080888
Received: 31 May 2019 / Revised: 27 July 2019 / Accepted: 10 August 2019 / Published: 13 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms of Stress Responses)
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Abstract

Multipolar divisions of heated cells has long been thought to stem from centrosome aberrations of cells directly caused by heat stress. In this paper, through long-term live-cell imaging, we provide direct cellular evidences to demonstrate that heat stress can promote multiple multipolar divisions of MGC-803 and MCF-7 cells. Our results show that, besides facilitating centrosome aberration, polyploidy induced by heat stress is another mechanism that causes multipolar cell divisions, in which polyploid cancer cells engendered by mitotic slippage, cytokinesis failure, and cell fusion. Furthermore, we also find that the fates of theses polyploid cells depend on their origins, in the sense that the polyploid cells generated by mitotic slippage experience bipolar divisions with a higher rate than multipolar divisions, while those polyploid cells induced by both cytokinesis failure and cell fusion have a higher frequency of multipolar divisions compared with bipolar divisions. This work indicates that heat stress-induced multiple multipolar divisions of cancer cells usually produce aneuploid daughter cells, and might lead to genetically unstable cancer cells and facilitate tumor heterogeneity. View Full-Text
Keywords: heat stress; multipolar divisions; centrosome aberration; polyploidy; mitotic slippage; cytokinesis failure; cell fusion; tumor heterogeneity heat stress; multipolar divisions; centrosome aberration; polyploidy; mitotic slippage; cytokinesis failure; cell fusion; tumor heterogeneity
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Chen, S.; Liu, M.; Huang, H.; Li, B.; Zhao, H.; Feng, X.-Q.; Zhao, H.-P. Heat Stress-Induced Multiple Multipolar Divisions of Human Cancer Cells. Cells 2019, 8, 888.

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