Size Dependency of Circulation and Biodistribution of Biomimetic Nanoparticles: Red Blood Cell Membrane-Coated Nanoparticles
AbstractRecently, biomimetic nanoparticles, especially cell membrane-cloaked nanoparticles, have attracted increasing attention in biomedical applications, including antitumor therapy, detoxification, and immune modulation, by imitating the structure and the function of biological systems such as long circulation life in the blood. However, the circulation time of cell membrane-cloaked nanoparticles is far less than that of the original cells, greatly limiting their biomedical applications, while the underlying reasons are seldom demonstrated. In this study, the influence of particle size on the circulation and the biodistribution of red blood cell membrane-coated nanoparticles (RBC-NPs) as model biomimetic nanoparticles were investigated. Differently sized RBC-NPs (80, 120, 160, and 200 nm) were prepared by fusing RBC membranes on poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles. It was shown that the particle size did not change the cellular uptake of these biomimetic nanoparticles by macrophage cells in vitro and their immunogenic responses in vivo. However, their circulation life in vivo decreased with the particle size, while their accumulation in the liver increased with the particle size, which might be related to their size-dependent filtration through hepatic sinusoids. These findings will provide experimental evidence for the design and the optimization of biomimetic nanoparticles. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
PDF-Document (PDF, 312 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Li, H.; Jin, K.; Luo, M.; Wang, X.; Zhu, X.; Liu, X.; Jiang, T.; Zhang, Q.; Wang, S.; Pang, Z. Size Dependency of Circulation and Biodistribution of Biomimetic Nanoparticles: Red Blood Cell Membrane-Coated Nanoparticles. Cells 2019, 8, 881.
Li H, Jin K, Luo M, Wang X, Zhu X, Liu X, Jiang T, Zhang Q, Wang S, Pang Z. Size Dependency of Circulation and Biodistribution of Biomimetic Nanoparticles: Red Blood Cell Membrane-Coated Nanoparticles. Cells. 2019; 8(8):881.Chicago/Turabian Style
Li, Haichun; Jin, Kai; Luo, Man; Wang, Xuejun; Zhu, Xiaowen; Liu, Xianping; Jiang, Ting; Zhang, Qin; Wang, Sheng; Pang, Zhiqing. 2019. "Size Dependency of Circulation and Biodistribution of Biomimetic Nanoparticles: Red Blood Cell Membrane-Coated Nanoparticles." Cells 8, no. 8: 881.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.