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Cells 2019, 8(1), 45; https://doi.org/10.3390/cells8010045

HIF-1α and HIF-2α Differently Regulate the Radiation Sensitivity of NSCLC Cells

Department of Radiotherapy (MAASTRO), GROW—School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University, 6229 ET Maastricht, The Netherlands
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Received: 30 November 2018 / Revised: 4 January 2019 / Accepted: 4 January 2019 / Published: 12 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Gene Regulation by HIFs during Hypoxia)
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Abstract

The hypoxia-inducible transcription factors (HIF)-1/2α are the main oxygen sensors which regulate the adaptation to intratumoral hypoxia. The aim of this study was to assess the role of the HIF proteins in regulating the radiation response of a non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in vitro model. To directly assess the unique and overlapping functions of HIF-1α and HIF-2α, we use CRISPR gene-editing to generate isogenic H1299 non-small cell lung carcinoma cells lacking HIF-1α, HIF-2α or both. We found that in HIF1 knockout cells, HIF-2α was strongly induced by hypoxia compared to wild type but the reverse was not seen in HIF2 knockout cells. Cells lacking HIF-1α were more radiation resistant than HIF2 knockout and wildtype cells upon hypoxia, which was associated with a reduced recruitment of γH2AX foci directly after irradiation and not due to differences in proliferation. Conversely, double-HIF1/2 knockout cells were most radiation sensitive and had increased γH2AX recruitment and cell cycle delay. Compensatory HIF-2α activity in HIF1 knockout cells is the main cause of this radioprotective effect. Under hypoxia, HIF1 knockout cells uniquely had a strong increase in lactate production and decrease in extracellular pH. Using genetically identical HIF-α isoform-deficient cells we identified a strong radiosensitizing of HIF1, but not of HIF2, which was associated with a reduced extracellular pH and reduced glycolysis. View Full-Text
Keywords: hypoxia; HIF; radiotherapy; metabolism hypoxia; HIF; radiotherapy; metabolism
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Moreno Roig, E.; Groot, A.J.; Yaromina, A.; Hendrickx, T.C.; Barbeau, L.M.O.; Giuranno, L.; Dams, G.; Ient, J.; Olivo Pimentel, V.; van Gisbergen, M.W.; Dubois, L.J.; Vooijs, M.A. HIF-1α and HIF-2α Differently Regulate the Radiation Sensitivity of NSCLC Cells. Cells 2019, 8, 45.

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