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Cells 2018, 7(11), 202; https://doi.org/10.3390/cells7110202

Comparative Biology of Centrosomal Structures in Eukaryotes

Department of Cell Biology, University of Potsdam, Karl-Liebknecht-Str. 24-25, 14476 Potsdam-Golm, Germany
Received: 31 October 2018 / Accepted: 6 November 2018 / Published: 8 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Comparative Biology of Centrosomal Structures in Eukaryotes)
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Abstract

The centrosome is not only the largest and most sophisticated protein complex within a eukaryotic cell, in the light of evolution, it is also one of its most ancient organelles. This special issue of “Cells” features representatives of three main, structurally divergent centrosome types, i.e., centriole-containing centrosomes, yeast spindle pole bodies (SPBs), and amoebozoan nucleus-associated bodies (NABs). Here, I discuss their evolution and their key-functions in microtubule organization, mitosis, and cytokinesis. Furthermore, I provide a brief history of centrosome research and highlight recently emerged topics, such as the role of centrioles in ciliogenesis, the relationship of centrosomes and centriolar satellites, the integration of centrosomal structures into the nuclear envelope and the involvement of centrosomal components in non-centrosomal microtubule organization. View Full-Text
Keywords: centrosome; centriole; cilium; basal body; spindle pole body; SPB; nucleus-associated body; NAB; microtubules centrosome; centriole; cilium; basal body; spindle pole body; SPB; nucleus-associated body; NAB; microtubules
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Gräf, R. Comparative Biology of Centrosomal Structures in Eukaryotes. Cells 2018, 7, 202.

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