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Cells 2018, 7(11), 203; https://doi.org/10.3390/cells7110203

miR-338-3p Is Regulated by Estrogens through GPER in Breast Cancer Cells and Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts (CAFs)

1
Department of Pharmacy, Health and Nutritional Sciences, University of Calabria, 87036 Rende, Italy
2
Regional HospitalCosenza, 87100 Cosenza, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 October 2018 / Revised: 2 November 2018 / Accepted: 7 November 2018 / Published: 9 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Regulatory microRNA)
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Abstract

Estrogens acting through the classic estrogen receptors (ERs) and the G protein estrogen receptor (GPER) regulate the expression of diverse miRNAs, small sequences of non-coding RNA involved in several pathophysiological conditions, including breast cancer. In order to provide novel insights on miRNAs regulation by estrogens in breast tumor, we evaluated the expression of 754 miRNAs by TaqMan Array in ER-negative and GPER-positive SkBr3 breast cancer cells and cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) upon 17β-estradiol (E2) treatment. Various miRNAs were regulated by E2 in a peculiar manner in SkBr3 cancer cells and CAFs, while miR-338-3p displayed a similar regulation in both cell types. By METABRIC database analysis we ascertained that miR-338-3p positively correlates with overall survival in breast cancer patients, according to previous studies showing that miR-338-3p may suppress the growth and invasion of different cancer cells. Well-fitting with these data, a miR-338-3p mimic sequence decreased and a miR-338-3p inhibitor sequence rescued the expression of genes and the proliferative effects induced by E2 through GPER in SkBr3 cancer cells and CAFs. Altogether, our results provide novel evidence on the molecular mechanisms by which E2 may regulate miR-338-3p toward breast cancer progression. View Full-Text
Keywords: breast cancer; CAFs; estrogens; GPER; miR-338-3p; c-Fos; Cyclin D1 breast cancer; CAFs; estrogens; GPER; miR-338-3p; c-Fos; Cyclin D1
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Vivacqua, A.; Sebastiani, A.; Miglietta, A.M.; Rigiracciolo, D.C.; Cirillo, F.; Galli, G.R.; Talia, M.; Santolla, M.F.; Lappano, R.; Giordano, F.; Panno, M.L.; Maggiolini, M. miR-338-3p Is Regulated by Estrogens through GPER in Breast Cancer Cells and Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts (CAFs). Cells 2018, 7, 203.

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