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Cells 2018, 7(10), 179; https://doi.org/10.3390/cells7100179

The Expanding Role of Vesicles Containing Aquaporins

Group of Aquaporins, Plant Nutrition Department, Centro de Edafologia y Biologia Aplicada del Segura, CEBAS-CSIC, Campus Universitario de Espinardo, E-30100 Murcia, Spain
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Received: 21 September 2018 / Revised: 16 October 2018 / Accepted: 20 October 2018 / Published: 22 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Aquaporins)
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Abstract

In animals and plants, membrane vesicles containing proteins have been defined as key for biological systems involving different processes such as trafficking or intercellular communication. Docking and fusion of vesicles to the plasma membrane occur in living cells in response to different stimuli, such as environmental changes or hormones, and therefore play an important role in cell homeostasis as vehicles for certain proteins or other substances. Because aquaporins enhance the water permeability of membranes, their role as proteins immersed in vesicles formed of natural membranes is a recent topic of study. They regulate numerous physiological processes and could hence serve new biotechnological purposes. Thus, in this review, we have explored the physiological implications of the trafficking of aquaporins, the mechanisms that control their transit, and the proteins that coregulate the migration. In addition, the importance of exosomes containing aquaporins in the cell-to-cell communication processes in animals and plants have been analyzed, together with their potential uses in biomedicine or biotechnology. The properties of aquaporins make them suitable for use as biomarkers of different aquaporin-related diseases when they are included in exosomes. Finally, the fact that these proteins could be immersed in biomimetic membranes opens future perspectives for new biotechnological applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: aquaporins; membrane vesicles; trafficking; cell communication; biofilters aquaporins; membrane vesicles; trafficking; cell communication; biofilters
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Martinez-Ballesta, M.C.; Garcia-Ibañez, P.; Yepes-Molina, L.; Rios, J.J.; Carvajal, M. The Expanding Role of Vesicles Containing Aquaporins. Cells 2018, 7, 179.

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