Lipid Emulsion Inhibits the Late Apoptosis/Cardiotoxicity Induced by Doxorubicin in Rat Cardiomyoblasts
AbstractThis study aimed to examine the effect of lipid emulsion on the cardiotoxicity induced by doxorubicin in H9c2 rat cardiomyoblasts and elucidates the associated cellular mechanism. The effects of lipid emulsion on cell viability, Bax, cleaved caspase-8, cleaved capase-3, Bcl-XL, apoptosis, reactive oxygen species (ROS), malondialdehyde, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase and mitochondrial membrane potential induced by doxorubicin were examined. Treatment with doxorubicin decreased cell viability, whereas pretreatment with lipid emulsion reduced the effect of doxorubicin by increasing cell viability. Lipid emulsion also suppressed the increased expression of cleaved caspase-3, cleaved caspase-8, and Bax induced by doxorubicin. Moreover, pretreatment with lipid emulsion decreased the increased Bax/Bcl-XL ratio induced by doxorubicin. Doxorubicin-induced late apoptosis was reduced by treatment with lipid emulsion. In addition, pretreatment with lipid emulsion prior to doxorubicin enhanced glycogen synthase kinase-3β phosphorylation. The increased malondialdehyde and ROS levels by doxorubicin were reduced by lipid emulsion pretreatment. Furthermore, lipid emulsion attenuated the reduced SOD and catalase activity and the decreased mitochondrial membrane potential induced by doxorubicin. Taken together, these results suggest that lipid emulsion attenuates doxorubicin-induced late apoptosis, which appears to be associated with the inhibition of oxidative stress induced by doxorubicin. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Subbarao, R.B.; Ok, S.-H.; Lee, S.H.; Kang, D.; Kim, E.-J.; Kim, J.-Y.; Sohn, J.-T. Lipid Emulsion Inhibits the Late Apoptosis/Cardiotoxicity Induced by Doxorubicin in Rat Cardiomyoblasts. Cells 2018, 7, 144.
Subbarao RB, Ok S-H, Lee SH, Kang D, Kim E-J, Kim J-Y, Sohn J-T. Lipid Emulsion Inhibits the Late Apoptosis/Cardiotoxicity Induced by Doxorubicin in Rat Cardiomyoblasts. Cells. 2018; 7(10):144.Chicago/Turabian Style
Subbarao, Raghavendra B.; Ok, Seong-Ho; Lee, Soo H.; Kang, Dawon; Kim, Eun-Jin; Kim, Ji-Yoon; Sohn, Ju-Tae. 2018. "Lipid Emulsion Inhibits the Late Apoptosis/Cardiotoxicity Induced by Doxorubicin in Rat Cardiomyoblasts." Cells 7, no. 10: 144.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.