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Open AccessArticle

Genetic Diversity of Sweet Potato (Ipomoea batatas L. Lam) Germplasms Collected Worldwide Using Chloroplast SSR Markers

National Agrobiodiversity Center, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences (NAS), RDA, Jeonju 54874, Korea
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The first two authors equally contributed.
Agronomy 2019, 9(11), 752; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9110752
Received: 10 October 2019 / Revised: 6 November 2019 / Accepted: 11 November 2019 / Published: 13 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Analysis of Crop Genetic and Germplasm Diversity)
Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L. Lam) is an important food crop widely cultivated in the world. In this study, nine chloroplast simple sequence repeat (cpSSR) markers were used to analyze the genetic diversity and relationships of 558 sweet potato accessions in the germplasm collection of the National Agrobiodiversity Center (NAC). Eight of the nine cpSSR showed polymorphisms, while Ibcp31 did not. The number of alleles per locus ranged from two to four. In general, the Shannon index for each cpSSR ranged from 0.280 to 1.123 and the diversity indices and unbiased diversity ranged from 0.148 to 0.626, and 0.210 to 0.627, respectively. Results of the median-joining network showed 33 chlorotypes in 558 sweet potato accessions. In factor analysis, 558 sweet potato accessions were divided into four clusters, with clusters I and II composed only of the sweet potato accessions from Korea, Japan, Taiwan, and the USA. The results of this study confirmed that the genetic diversity of the female parents of sweet potato accessions conserved at the NAC is low and therefore more sweet potato accessions need to be collected. These results will help to establish an efficient management plan for sweet potato genetic germplasms at the NAC. View Full-Text
Keywords: chloroplast; Ipomoea batatas; simple sequence repeat; sweet potato; plant germplasm chloroplast; Ipomoea batatas; simple sequence repeat; sweet potato; plant germplasm
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Lee, K.J.; Lee, G.-A.; Lee, J.-R.; Sebastin, R.; Shin, M.-J.; Cho, G.-T.; Hyun, D.Y. Genetic Diversity of Sweet Potato (Ipomoea batatas L. Lam) Germplasms Collected Worldwide Using Chloroplast SSR Markers. Agronomy 2019, 9, 752.

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