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Article

Standing Vegetation Exceeds Soil Microbial Communities in Soil Type Indication: A Procrustes Test of Four Salt-Affected Pastures

1
Centre for Agricultural Research, Institute for Soil Sciences, Herman O. út 15, H-1022 Budapest, Hungary
2
Doctoral School of Environmental Sciences, Loránd Eötvös University, Pázmány P. stny. 1/C, H-1117 Budapest, Hungary
3
Department of Botany, Hungarian Natural History Museum, Könyves K. krt. 40, H-1089 Budapest, Hungary
4
Department of Plant Systematics, Ecology and Theoretical Biology, Institute of Biology, Loránd Eötvös University, Pázmány P. stny. 1/C, H-1117 Budapest, Hungary
5
Group of Agrobotany, Department of Botany, Institute of Crop Production, Hungarian University of Agricultural and Life Sciences, Páter K. u. 1, H-2100 Gödöllő, Hungary
6
Piarist High School, Piarista u. 1, H-1052 Budapest, Hungary
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Nikolaos Monokrousos
Agronomy 2021, 11(8), 1652; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11081652
Received: 24 April 2021 / Revised: 11 August 2021 / Accepted: 16 August 2021 / Published: 19 August 2021
Organisms with different life histories are able to act as indicators of different characteristics of their environment. Here, we compared the precision of habitat indication by the vegetation and soil microbial communities in four salt-affected pastures: annual open salt sward, Pannonic Puccinellia limosa hollow, Artemisia saline puszta and grassy saline puszta. Dissimilarity of habitats was evaluated by standardized principal component analysis (PCA) based on four different datasets: catabolic profiles of microbial communities in June (a) and September (b), composition of vascular vegetation (c) and physical and chemical properties of the soil (d). Procrustes analysis was used to quantify the resemblance between pairs of PCA ordinations based on soil properties (d) and various biotic communities (a, b, c). PCA ordination based on vegetation most closely matched the soil data-based ordination, thus vegetation appears to better indicate habitat conditions than soil microbial communities do. For microbial communities, a better agreement with the soil data-based ordination was reached in September than in June. Most probably, the long-lived sedentary habit of perennial plants in these communities requires adaptation to long-term average habitat conditions. In contrast, short-lived soil microbes can quickly follow environmental changes, thus the composition of soil microbial communities better reflect actual soil conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: habitat indication; microbial ecology; Procrustes analysis; saline puszta; salt sward; vegetation science habitat indication; microbial ecology; Procrustes analysis; saline puszta; salt sward; vegetation science
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MDPI and ACS Style

Csontos, P.; Mucsi, M.; Ragályi, P.; Tamás, J.; Kalapos, T.; Pápay, G.; Mjazovszky, Á.; Penksza, K.; Szili-Kovács, T. Standing Vegetation Exceeds Soil Microbial Communities in Soil Type Indication: A Procrustes Test of Four Salt-Affected Pastures. Agronomy 2021, 11, 1652. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11081652

AMA Style

Csontos P, Mucsi M, Ragályi P, Tamás J, Kalapos T, Pápay G, Mjazovszky Á, Penksza K, Szili-Kovács T. Standing Vegetation Exceeds Soil Microbial Communities in Soil Type Indication: A Procrustes Test of Four Salt-Affected Pastures. Agronomy. 2021; 11(8):1652. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11081652

Chicago/Turabian Style

Csontos, Péter, Márton Mucsi, Péter Ragályi, Júlia Tamás, Tibor Kalapos, Gergely Pápay, Ákos Mjazovszky, Károly Penksza, and Tibor Szili-Kovács. 2021. "Standing Vegetation Exceeds Soil Microbial Communities in Soil Type Indication: A Procrustes Test of Four Salt-Affected Pastures" Agronomy 11, no. 8: 1652. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11081652

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