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Article

Confounding Factors in Container-Based Drought Tolerance Assessments in Solanum tuberosum

1
Max Planck-Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Am Mühlenberg 1, 14476 Potsdam-Golm, Germany
2
Ministry for Agriculture, Environment and Climate Protection of the State Brandenburg, Henning-von-Treschkow-Straße 2-13, 14467 Potsdam, Germany
3
Versuchsstation Dethlingen, Landwirtschaftskammer Niedersachsen, 29633 Dethlingen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Present address: PotatoConsult UG, 27374 Visselhövede, Germany.
Academic Editor: Adam Solti
Agronomy 2021, 11(5), 865; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050865
Received: 16 March 2021 / Revised: 8 April 2021 / Accepted: 23 April 2021 / Published: 28 April 2021
Potato is an important food crop with high water-use-efficiency but low drought tolerance. The bottleneck in drought tolerance breeding is phenotyping in managed field environments. Fundamental research on drought tolerance is predominantly done in container-based test systems in controlled environments. However, the portability of results from these systems to performance under field conditions is debated. Thus, we analyzed the effects of climate conditions, container size, starting material, and substrate on yield and drought tolerance assessment of potato genotypes compared to field trials. A leave one out assessment indicated a minimum of three field trials for stable tolerance prediction. The tolerance ranking was highly reproducible under controlled-conditions, but weakly correlated with field performance. Changing to variable climate conditions, increasing container size, and substituting cuttings by seed tubers did not improve the correlation. Substituting horticultural substrate by sandy soil resulted in yield and tuber size distributions similar to those under field conditions. However, as the effect of the treatment × genotype × substrate interaction on yield was low, drought tolerance indices that depend on relative yields can be assessed on horticultural substrate also. Realistic estimates of tuber yield and tuber size distribution, however, require the use of soil-based substrates. View Full-Text
Keywords: drought tolerance; potato; phenotyping; managed environments; yield; controlled environment; sample size; breeding drought tolerance; potato; phenotyping; managed environments; yield; controlled environment; sample size; breeding
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MDPI and ACS Style

Köhl, K.I.; Mulugeta Aneley, G.; Haas, M.; Peters, R. Confounding Factors in Container-Based Drought Tolerance Assessments in Solanum tuberosum. Agronomy 2021, 11, 865. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050865

AMA Style

Köhl KI, Mulugeta Aneley G, Haas M, Peters R. Confounding Factors in Container-Based Drought Tolerance Assessments in Solanum tuberosum. Agronomy. 2021; 11(5):865. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050865

Chicago/Turabian Style

Köhl, Karin I., Gedif Mulugeta Aneley, Manuela Haas, and Rolf Peters. 2021. "Confounding Factors in Container-Based Drought Tolerance Assessments in Solanum tuberosum" Agronomy 11, no. 5: 865. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050865

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