Next Article in Journal
Influence of Fruit Ripening on the Total and Individual Capsaicinoids and Capsiate Content in Naga Jolokia Peppers (Capsicum chinense Jacq.)
Next Article in Special Issue
Forage Performance and Detection of Marker Trait Associations with Potential for Napier Grass (Cenchrus purpureus) Improvement
Previous Article in Journal
RNA-Binding Proteins as Targets to Improve Salt Stress Tolerance in Crops
Previous Article in Special Issue
Evaluation of Different Fall Dormancy-Rating Alfalfa Cultivars for Forage Yield in a Semiarid Environment
Open AccessArticle

Genotype and Planting Date Influence on Establishment and Growth of Bassia prostrata (L) A.J. Scott in a Semiarid Subtropical Dry Winter Region

1
Rex E. Kirksey Agricultural Science Center at Tucumcari, New Mexico State University, Tucumcari, NM 88401, USA
2
USDA-ARS Forage and Range Research Lab, Logan, UT 84322, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agronomy 2020, 10(2), 251; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10020251
Received: 21 December 2019 / Revised: 28 January 2020 / Accepted: 5 February 2020 / Published: 8 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Breeding and Genetics of Forages for Semi-Arid and Arid Rangelands)
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) growers in semiarid subtropical regions seek forage crops having a lower irrigation requirement. Perennial forage kochia (Bassia prostrata (L) A.J. Scott (syn. Kochia prostrata)) can potentially fill this need. The New Mexico State University’s Agricultural Science Center at Tucumcari evaluated four genotypes of B. prostrata (subspecies virescens ”Immigrant” and “Pustinny-select” and subsp. grisea “Snowstorm” and “KZ-6X”) that were direct-seeded in March and May of 2014 under irrigation in semiarid continental precipitation conditions, in three randomized complete blocks. Canopy cover was rated in 2016 and 2018 and biomass production was measured in 2018. Snowstorm did not establish on either date. Canopy cover remained unchanged across years. Immigrant established the greatest canopy cover for the March seeding and Pustinny-select had greater canopy cover for the May seeding. The May seeding tended (p < 0.10) to have greater biomass production than the March seeding (12,357 and 8909 kg ha−1, respectively, SEM = 2454). Irrigation or adequate precipitation to maintain soil moisture and weed control are critical to B. prostrata establishment by direct seeding, especially in dry winter regions. Further research is necessary to determine the potential of this species as an alternative to alfalfa in semiarid, subtropical, and continental precipitation regions. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bassia prostrata; perennial forage kochia; evergreen semishrub; canopy cover; establishment Bassia prostrata; perennial forage kochia; evergreen semishrub; canopy cover; establishment
MDPI and ACS Style

Lauriault, L.; Waldron, B.L. Genotype and Planting Date Influence on Establishment and Growth of Bassia prostrata (L) A.J. Scott in a Semiarid Subtropical Dry Winter Region. Agronomy 2020, 10, 251.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop