Next Article in Journal
Formation Process of Columnar Grown (101)-Oriented Silicalite-1 Membrane and Its Separation Property for Xylene Isomer
Previous Article in Journal
Novel Sample-Stage for Combined Near Ambient Pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Catalytic Characterization and Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy
Open AccessReview

Design Efficiency, Characteristics, and Utilization of Reinforced Foamed Concrete: A Review

1
Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Alkharj 11942, Saudi Arabia
2
Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and IT, Amran University, Quhal 9677, Amran, Yemen
3
Department of Civil and Construction Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Science, Curtin University, CDT250, Miri 98009, Sarawak, Malaysia
4
Higher School of Industrial, Civil and Road Construction, Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, St. Petersburg 195251, Russia
5
School of Engineering, Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok 690950, Russia
6
Construction Research Centre (CRC), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru 81310, Malaysia
7
Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan 94300, Sarawak, Malaysia
8
School of Civil Engineering, SASTRA Deemed to be University, Thanjavur 613404, Tamil Nadu, India
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Crystals 2020, 10(10), 948; https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst10100948
Received: 27 August 2020 / Revised: 23 September 2020 / Accepted: 30 September 2020 / Published: 17 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hierarchical Composite Materials)
Foam concrete (FC) serves as an efficient construction material that combines well thermal insulation and structural properties. The studies of material characteristics, including the mechanical, physical, rheological, and functional properties of lightweight concrete, have been conducted rigorously. However, a lack of knowledge on the design efficiency of reinforced FC (RFC) was found in current research trends, compared to reinforced lightweight aggregate concrete. Therefore, this paper presents a review of the performance and adaption in structures for RFC. According to the code specifications, the feasibility investigation was preliminarily determined in structural use through the summary for the mechanical properties of FC of FC’s mechanical properties. For reinforced concrete design, a direct method of reduction factors is introduced to design lightweight aggregate concrete, which is also suggested to be adapted into a lightweight FC design. It was found that flexural shear behavior is a more complex theoretical analysis than flexure. However, a reduction factor of 0.75 was recommended for shear, torsion, and compression; meanwhile, 0.6 for flexural members. Serviceability limit states design should be applied, as the crack was found predominant in RFC design. The deflection controls were recommended as 0.7 by previous research. Research on RFC’s compression members, such as a column or load load-bearing wall, were rarely found. Thus, further study for validating a safe design of RFC applications in construction industries today is highly imperative. View Full-Text
Keywords: design efficiency; foam agents; lightweight concrete; characteristics; reinforced FC; reduction factor; utilizations design efficiency; foam agents; lightweight concrete; characteristics; reinforced FC; reduction factor; utilizations
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Amran, M.; Huei Lee, Y.; Vatin, N.; Fediuk, R.; Poi-Ngian, S.; Yong Lee, Y.; Murali, G. Design Efficiency, Characteristics, and Utilization of Reinforced Foamed Concrete: A Review. Crystals 2020, 10, 948.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop