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Catalysts 2019, 9(3), 211; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal9030211

Preparation of Amylose-Carboxymethyl Cellulose Conjugated Supramolecular Networks by Phosphorylase-Catalyzed Enzymatic Polymerization

Department of Chemistry, Biotechnology and Chemical Engineering, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Kagoshima University, 1-21-40 Korimoto, Kagoshima 860-0065, Japan
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Received: 27 January 2019 / Revised: 13 February 2019 / Accepted: 14 February 2019 / Published: 26 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biocatalytic Polymer Synthesis)
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Abstract

Enzymatic polymerization has been noted as a powerful method to precisely synthesize polymers with complicated structures, such as polysaccharides, which are not commonly prepared by conventional polymerization. Phosphorylase is one of the enzymes which have been used to practically synthesize well-defined polysaccharides. The phosphorylase-catalyzed enzymatic polymerization is conducted using α-d-glucose 1-phosphate as a monomer, and maltooligosaccharide as a primer, respectively, to obtain amylose. Amylose is known to form supramolecules owing to its helical conformation, that is, inclusion complex and double helix, in which the formation is depended on whether a guest molecule is present or not. In this paper, we would like to report the preparation of amylose-carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) conjugated supramolecular networks, by the phosphorylase-catalyzed enzymatic polymerization, using maltoheptaose primer-grafted CMC. When the enzymatic polymerization was carried out using the graft copolymer, either in the presence or in the absence of a guest polymer poly (ε-caprolactone) (PCL), the enzymatically elongated amylose chains from the primers on the CMC main-chain formed double helixes or inclusion complexes, depending on the amounts of PCL, which acted as cross-linking points for the construction of network structures. Accordingly, the reaction mixtures totally turned into hydrogels, regardless of the structures of supramolecular cross-linking points. View Full-Text
Keywords: amylose; carboxymethyl cellulose; enzymatic polymerization; phosphorylase; supramolecule amylose; carboxymethyl cellulose; enzymatic polymerization; phosphorylase; supramolecule
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Kadokawa, J.-I.; Shoji, T.; Yamamoto, K. Preparation of Amylose-Carboxymethyl Cellulose Conjugated Supramolecular Networks by Phosphorylase-Catalyzed Enzymatic Polymerization. Catalysts 2019, 9, 211.

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