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Review

New and Advanced Porous Carbon Materials in Fine Chemical Synthesis. Emerging Precursors of Porous Carbons

1
Departamento de Química Inorgánica y Química Técnica, UNED, Paseo Senda del Rey, 9, E-28040 Madrid, Spain
2
LAQV/REQUIMTE, Departamento de Química, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Catalysts 2019, 9(2), 133; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal9020133
Received: 15 January 2019 / Revised: 16 January 2019 / Accepted: 21 January 2019 / Published: 1 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Catalytic Materials)
The efficiency of porous carbons in fine chemical synthesis, among other application fields, has been demonstrated since both the porous structure and chemical surface provide the appropriated chemical environment favoring a great variety of relevant chemical transformations. In recent years, metal organic frameworks (MOFs) and covalent organic frameworks (COFs) have emerged as interesting opportunities in the preparation of porous carbons with improved physico-chemical properties. Direct calcination of MOFs or COFs, in the presence or not of others carbon or heteroatom sources, could be considered an easy and practical approach for the synthesis of highly dispersed heteroatom-doped porous carbons but also new porous carbons in which single atoms of metallic species are present, showing a great development of the porosity; both characteristics of supreme importance for catalytic applications. The goal of this review is to provide an overview of the traditional methodologies for the synthesis of new porous carbon structures together with emerging ones that use MOFs or COFs as carbon precursors. As mentioned below, the catalytic application in fine chemical synthesis of these kinds of materials is at present barely explored, but probably will expand in the near future. View Full-Text
Keywords: porous carbons; nanocatalysts; metal organic frameworks; covalent organic frameworks; fine chemicals porous carbons; nanocatalysts; metal organic frameworks; covalent organic frameworks; fine chemicals
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pérez-Mayoral, E.; Matos, I.; Bernardo, M.; Fonseca, I.M. New and Advanced Porous Carbon Materials in Fine Chemical Synthesis. Emerging Precursors of Porous Carbons. Catalysts 2019, 9, 133. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal9020133

AMA Style

Pérez-Mayoral E, Matos I, Bernardo M, Fonseca IM. New and Advanced Porous Carbon Materials in Fine Chemical Synthesis. Emerging Precursors of Porous Carbons. Catalysts. 2019; 9(2):133. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal9020133

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pérez-Mayoral, Elena, Inês Matos, Maria Bernardo, and Isabel M. Fonseca. 2019. "New and Advanced Porous Carbon Materials in Fine Chemical Synthesis. Emerging Precursors of Porous Carbons" Catalysts 9, no. 2: 133. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal9020133

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