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Optimizing the Aromatic Product Distribution from Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis of Biomass Using Hydrothermally Synthesized Ga-MFI Zeolites

1
College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Gannan Normal University, Ganzhou 341000, China
2
School of Environment, State Key Joint Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
3
China National Tobacco Quality Supervision and Test Center, No. 2 Fengyang street, Zhengzhou 450001, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Catalysts 2019, 9(10), 854; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal9100854
Received: 22 September 2019 / Revised: 9 October 2019 / Accepted: 9 October 2019 / Published: 13 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis)
A series of gallium-containing MFI (Ga-MFI) zeolites with varying Ga2O3/Al2O3 ratios were synthesized using hydrothermal synthesis and tested as catalyst in catalytic fast pyrolysis (CFP) of beech wood for aromatic production. The results show that the incorporation of Ga slightly reduced the effective pore size of Ga-MFI zeolites compared to conventional HZSM-5 zeolites. Therefore, the Ga-MFI zeolites increased the aromatic selectivity for smaller aromatics such as benzene, toluene, and p-xylene and decreased the aromatic selectivity for bulkier ones such as m-xylene, o-xylene, and polyaromatics in CFP of beech wood relative to HSZM-5. In particular, the yield and selectivity of p-xylene, the most desired product from CFP of biomass, increased considerably from 1.64 C% and 33.3% for conventional HZSM-5 to 2.98–3.34 C% and 72.1–79.6% for the synthesized Ga-MFI zeolites. These results suggest that slightly reducing the pore size of MFI zeolite by Ga incorporation has a beneficial effect on optimizing the aromatic selectivity toward more valuable monoaromatic products, especially p-xylene, during CFP of biomass. View Full-Text
Keywords: aromatics; biomass; MFI zeolites; gallium; catalytic fast pyrolysis aromatics; biomass; MFI zeolites; gallium; catalytic fast pyrolysis
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Li, J.; Li, X.; Hua, D.; Lu, X.; Wang, Y. Optimizing the Aromatic Product Distribution from Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis of Biomass Using Hydrothermally Synthesized Ga-MFI Zeolites. Catalysts 2019, 9, 854.

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