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Recent Progress in Application of Molybdenum-Based Catalysts for Epoxidation of Alkenes

1
Key Laboratory of Synthetic and Biological Colloids, School of Chemical and Material Engineering, Jiangnan University, Ministry of Education, Wuxi 214122, China
2
Department of Chemistry, University of South Florida, 4202 E. Fowler Avenue, Tampa, FL 33620, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Catalysts 2019, 9(1), 31; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal9010031
Received: 10 December 2018 / Revised: 23 December 2018 / Accepted: 25 December 2018 / Published: 2 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Epoxidation Catalysis)
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PDF [3942 KB, uploaded 2 January 2019]
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Abstract

Epoxides are important industrial intermediates applied in a variety of industrial processes. During the production of epoxides, catalysts have played an irreplaceable and unique role. In this review, the historic progress of molybdenum-based catalysts in alkene epoxidation are covered and an outlook on future challenge discussed. Efficient catalysts are demonstrated including soluble molybdenum complexes, polyoxometalates catalysts, molybdenum-containing metal organic frameworks, silica supported molybdenum-based catalysts, polymer supported molybdenum-based catalysts, magnetic molybdenum-based catalysts, hierarchical molybdenum-based catalysts, graphene-based molybdenum containing catalysts, photocatalyzed epoxidation catalysts, and some other systems. The effects of different solvents and oxidants are discussed and the mechanisms of epoxidation are summarized. The challenges and perspectives to further enhance the catalytic performances in alkenes epoxidation are presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: molybdenum-based catalysts; epoxidation; alkene; mechanism molybdenum-based catalysts; epoxidation; alkene; mechanism
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Shen, Y.; Jiang, P.; Wai, P.T.; Gu, Q.; Zhang, W. Recent Progress in Application of Molybdenum-Based Catalysts for Epoxidation of Alkenes. Catalysts 2019, 9, 31.

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