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Open AccessReview

Recent Development of Photocatalysts Containing Carbon Species: A Review

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Key Laboratory of Forest Resources Conservation and Utilization in the Southwest Mountains of China, Southwest Forestry University, Ministry of Education, Kunming 650224, China
2
College of Chemical Engineering, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224, China
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Engineering Research Center of Forestry Biomass Materials and Bioenergy, Beijing Key Laboratory of Lignocellulosic Chemistry, College of Materials Science and Technology, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
4
Department of Chemistry, the Ångström Laboratory, Uppsala University, 75121 Uppsala, Sweden
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Catalysts 2019, 9(1), 20; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal9010020
Received: 3 December 2018 / Revised: 21 December 2018 / Accepted: 24 December 2018 / Published: 28 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Photocatalysis Science and Engineering in Europe)
Undoubtedly, carbon-based (nano)composites can be promising photocatalysts with improved photocatalytic activity due to the coupling effect from the incorporation of carbon species. In this mini-review, we focus on the recent development of photocatalysts based on carbon-based (nano)composites. TiO2 is well-known as a typical photocatalyst. Special attention is paid to the various types of carbon–TiO2 composites such as C-doped TiO2, N–C-doped TiO2, metal–C-doped TiO2, and other co-doped C/TiO2 composites. Various synthetic strategies including the solvothermal/hydrothermal method, sol–gel method, and template-directed method are reviewed for the preparation of carbon-based TiO2 composites. C/graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) composites and ternary C-doped composites are also summarized and ascribed to the unique electronic structure of g-C3N4 and the synergistic effect of the ternary interfaces, respectively. In the end, we put forward the future perspective of the photocatalysts containing carbon species based on our knowledge. View Full-Text
Keywords: photocatalysts; C-doped; (nano)composites; TiO2; g-C3N4; synergistic effect photocatalysts; C-doped; (nano)composites; TiO2; g-C3N4; synergistic effect
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shi, Z.-J.; Ma, M.-G.; Zhu, J.-F. Recent Development of Photocatalysts Containing Carbon Species: A Review. Catalysts 2019, 9, 20.

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