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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Gas-Phase Phosphorous Poisoning of a Pt/Ba/Al2O3 NOx Storage Catalyst

1
Competence Centre for Catalysis, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Gothenburg, Sweden
2
Volvo Car Corporation, SE-405 31 Gothenburg, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Catalysts 2018, 8(4), 155; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal8040155
Received: 9 March 2018 / Revised: 5 April 2018 / Accepted: 7 April 2018 / Published: 11 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emissions Control Catalysis)
The effect of phosphorous exposure on the NOx storage capacity of a Pt/Ba/Al2O3 catalyst coated on a ceramic monolith substrate has been studied. The catalyst was exposed to phosphorous by evaporating phosphoric acid in presence of H2O and O2. The NOx storage capacity was measured before and after the phosphorus exposure and a significant loss of the NOx storage capacity was detected after phosphorous exposure. The phosphorous poisoned samples were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM), N2-physisorption and inductive coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES). All characterization methods showed an axial distribution of phosphorous ranging from the inlet to the outlet of the coated monolith samples with a higher concentration at the inlet of the samples. Elemental analysis, using ICP-AES, confirmed this distribution of phosphorous on the catalyst surface. The specific surface area and pore volume were significantly lower at the inlet section of the monolith where the phosphorous concentration was higher, and higher at the outlet where the phosphorous concentration was lower. The results from the XPS and scanning electron microscopy (SEM)-energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analyses showed higher accumulation of phosphorus towards the surface of the catalyst at the inlet of the monolith and the phosphorus was to a large extent present in the form of P4O10. However, in the middle section of the monolith, the XPS analysis revealed the presence of more metaphosphate (PO3). Moreover, the SEM-EDX analysis showed that the phosphorous to higher extent had diffused into the washcoat and was less accumulated at the surface close to the outlet of the sample. View Full-Text
Keywords: LNT; NSR; NOx storage; phosphorous; deactivation; poisoning LNT; NSR; NOx storage; phosphorous; deactivation; poisoning
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Jonsson, R.; Mihai, O.; Woo, J.; Skoglundh, M.; Olsson, E.; Berggrund, M.; Olsson, L. Gas-Phase Phosphorous Poisoning of a Pt/Ba/Al2O3 NOx Storage Catalyst. Catalysts 2018, 8, 155.

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