Next Article in Journal
Generalized Second Price Auctions over a Network
Next Article in Special Issue
The Effect of Competition on Risk Taking in Contests
Previous Article in Journal
Favoritism and Fairness in Teams
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Circulation of Worthless Tokens Aids Cooperation: An Experiment Inspired by the Kula

Instrumental Reciprocity as an Error

Division of Social Science, New York University Abu Dhabi, Abu Dhabi, UAE
LISER, L-4366 Belval, Luxembourg
Department of Economics, Tilburg University, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Games 2018, 9(3), 66;
Received: 5 August 2018 / Revised: 3 September 2018 / Accepted: 5 September 2018 / Published: 6 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Economic Behavior and Game Theory)
We study the strategies used by experimental subjects in repeated sequential prisoners’ dilemma games to identify the underlying motivations behind instrumental reciprocity, that is, reciprocation of cooperation only if there is future interaction. Importantly, we designed the games so that instrumental reciprocity is a mistake for payoff-maximizing individuals irrespective of their beliefs. We find that, despite the fact that instrumental reciprocity is suboptimal, it is one of the most frequently used cooperative strategies. Moreover, although the use of instrumental reciprocity is sensitive to the costs of deviating from the payoff-maximizing strategy, these costs alone cannot explain the high frequency with which subjects choose to reciprocate instrumentally. View Full-Text
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Reuben, E.; Suetens, S. Instrumental Reciprocity as an Error. Games 2018, 9, 66.

AMA Style

Reuben E, Suetens S. Instrumental Reciprocity as an Error. Games. 2018; 9(3):66.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Reuben, Ernesto, and Sigrid Suetens. 2018. "Instrumental Reciprocity as an Error" Games 9, no. 3: 66.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop