Value Modeling for Ecosystem Analysis
Business Model & Service Engineering, fortiss GmbH, 80805 Munich, Germany
Chair for Information Systems, Technical University of Munich, 80333 Munich, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Computers 2019, 8(3), 68; https://doi.org/10.3390/computers8030068
Received: 30 July 2019 / Revised: 10 September 2019 / Accepted: 11 September 2019 / Published: 13 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Information Systems - EMCIS 2018)
Scholars have proposed many approaches to represent and analyze value creation. Value creation in ecosystems such as platform ecosystems often relies on a specific structure of partner alignment. Value modeling techniques can improve the understanding of how ecosystem risks and non-generic complementarities determine value creation and the alignment structures required. First, we conceptualize ecosystem analysis as a tool for alignment in the context of business innovation. Then, we carry out a structured literature review to identify existing techniques, which could support ecosystem analysis. Further, we provide a comprehensive overview of the value modeling techniques and integrate our ecosystem analysis conceptualization with existing classification frameworks. This integrative framework allows researchers and scholars to identify techniques that suit specific needs in terms of internal alignment reach, tooling, innovation phase and ecosystem analysis. Our results show limited support for ecosystem analysis. Still we are able to identify techniques that can provide a useful conceptual or tooling basis to enable ecosystem analysis.