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Article

Extracellular Neuroglobin as a Stress-Induced Factor Activating Pre-Adaptation Mechanisms against Oxidative Stress and Chemotherapy-Induced Cell Death in Breast Cancer

1
Department of Science, University Roma Tre, Viale Guglielmo Marconi 446, I-00146 Roma, Italy
2
Department of Biosciences and Territory, University of Molise, Contrada Fonte Lappone, 86090 Pesche (IS), Italy
3
Division of Senology, Belcolle Hospital, Str. Sammartinese, 01100 Viterbo, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Cancers 2020, 12(9), 2451; https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers12092451
Received: 27 July 2020 / Accepted: 26 August 2020 / Published: 29 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microenvironment and Cancer Progression)
Components of tumor microenvironment, including tumor and/or stromal cells-derived factors, exert a critical role in breast cancer (BC) progression. Here we evaluated the possible role of neuroglobin (NGB), a monomeric globin that acts as a compensatory protein against oxidative and apoptotic processes, as part of BC microenvironment. The extracellular NGB levels were evaluated by immunofluorescence of BC tissue sections and by Western blot of the culture media of BC cell lines. Moreover, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, cell apoptosis, and cell migration were evaluated in different BC cells and non-tumorigenic epithelial mammary cells treated with BC cells (i.e., Michigan Cancer Foundation-7, MCF-7) conditioned culture media and extracellular NGB. Results demonstrate that NGB is a component of BC microenvironment. NGB is released in tumor microenvironment by BC cells only under oxidative stress conditions where it can act as autocrine/paracrine factor able to communicate cell resilience against oxidative stress and chemotherapeutic treatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: 17β-Estradiol; apoptosis; breast cancer; docetaxel; neuroglobin; oxidative stress; stress adaptation and resistance; tumor microenvironment 17β-Estradiol; apoptosis; breast cancer; docetaxel; neuroglobin; oxidative stress; stress adaptation and resistance; tumor microenvironment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fiocchetti, M.; Solar Fernandez, V.; Segatto, M.; Leone, S.; Cercola, P.; Massari, A.; Cavaliere, F.; Marino, M. Extracellular Neuroglobin as a Stress-Induced Factor Activating Pre-Adaptation Mechanisms against Oxidative Stress and Chemotherapy-Induced Cell Death in Breast Cancer. Cancers 2020, 12, 2451. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers12092451

AMA Style

Fiocchetti M, Solar Fernandez V, Segatto M, Leone S, Cercola P, Massari A, Cavaliere F, Marino M. Extracellular Neuroglobin as a Stress-Induced Factor Activating Pre-Adaptation Mechanisms against Oxidative Stress and Chemotherapy-Induced Cell Death in Breast Cancer. Cancers. 2020; 12(9):2451. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers12092451

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fiocchetti, Marco, Virginia Solar Fernandez, Marco Segatto, Stefano Leone, Paolo Cercola, Annalisa Massari, Francesco Cavaliere, and Maria Marino. 2020. "Extracellular Neuroglobin as a Stress-Induced Factor Activating Pre-Adaptation Mechanisms against Oxidative Stress and Chemotherapy-Induced Cell Death in Breast Cancer" Cancers 12, no. 9: 2451. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers12092451

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