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Article

Proteomic Profiling of Retinoblastoma-Derived Exosomes Reveals Potential Biomarkers of Vitreous Seeding

1
Department of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology and Cell and Gene Therapy, IRCCS, Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino Gesù, Piazza Sant’Onofrio 4, 00165 Rome, Italy
2
Core Facilities-Clinical Proteomics and Metabolomics, IRCCS, Istituto Giannina Gaslini, Via Gerolamo Gaslini 5, 16147 Genoa, Italy
3
Ophtalmology Unit, IRCCS, Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino Gesù, Piazza Sant’ Onofrio 4, 00165 Rome, Italy
4
Department of Pathology, IRCCS, Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino Gesù, Piazza di Sant’ Onofrio 4, 00165 Rome, Italy
5
Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Perugia, Via San Costanzo 4, 06126 Perugia, Italy
6
Microenvironment & Metastasis Group, Molecular Oncology Program, Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO), C/Melchor Fernández Almagro 3, 28029 Madrid, Spain
7
Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, Institut de Recerca Sant Joan de Deu, Barcelona, 08950 Esplugues de Llobregat, Spain
8
Department of Ginecology/Obstetrics & Pediatrics, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Roma, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Cancers 2020, 12(6), 1555; https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers12061555
Received: 7 May 2020 / Revised: 4 June 2020 / Accepted: 7 June 2020 / Published: 12 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Cancer Proteome)
Retinoblastoma (RB) is the most common tumor of the eye in early childhood. Although recent advances in conservative treatment have greatly improved the visual outcome, local tumor control remains difficult in the presence of massive vitreous seeding. Traditional biopsy has long been considered unsafe in RB, due to the risk of extraocular spread. Thus, the identification of new biomarkers is crucial to design safer diagnostic and more effective therapeutic approaches. Exosomes, membrane-derived nanovesicles that are secreted abundantly by aggressive tumor cells and that can be isolated from several biological fluids, represent an interesting alternative for the detection of tumor-associated biomarkers. In this study, we defined the protein signature of exosomes released by RB tumors (RBT) and vitreous seeding (RBVS) primary cell lines by high resolution mass spectrometry. A total of 5666 proteins were identified. Among these, 5223 and 3637 were expressed in exosomes RBT and one RBVS group, respectively. Gene enrichment analysis of exclusively and differentially expressed proteins and network analysis identified in RBVS exosomes upregulated proteins specifically related to invasion and metastasis, such as proteins involved in extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling and interaction, resistance to anoikis and the metabolism/catabolism of glucose and amino acids. View Full-Text
Keywords: retinoblastoma; exosomes; proteomics; biomarkers retinoblastoma; exosomes; proteomics; biomarkers
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MDPI and ACS Style

Galardi, A.; Colletti, M.; Lavarello, C.; Di Paolo, V.; Mascio, P.; Russo, I.; Cozza, R.; Romanzo, A.; Valente, P.; De Vito, R.; Pascucci, L.; Peinado, H.; Carcaboso, A.M.; Petretto, A.; Locatelli, F.; Di Giannatale, A. Proteomic Profiling of Retinoblastoma-Derived Exosomes Reveals Potential Biomarkers of Vitreous Seeding. Cancers 2020, 12, 1555. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers12061555

AMA Style

Galardi A, Colletti M, Lavarello C, Di Paolo V, Mascio P, Russo I, Cozza R, Romanzo A, Valente P, De Vito R, Pascucci L, Peinado H, Carcaboso AM, Petretto A, Locatelli F, Di Giannatale A. Proteomic Profiling of Retinoblastoma-Derived Exosomes Reveals Potential Biomarkers of Vitreous Seeding. Cancers. 2020; 12(6):1555. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers12061555

Chicago/Turabian Style

Galardi, Angela, Marta Colletti, Chiara Lavarello, Virginia Di Paolo, Paolo Mascio, Ida Russo, Raffaele Cozza, Antonino Romanzo, Paola Valente, Rita De Vito, Luisa Pascucci, Hector Peinado, Angel M. Carcaboso, Andrea Petretto, Franco Locatelli, and Angela Di Giannatale. 2020. "Proteomic Profiling of Retinoblastoma-Derived Exosomes Reveals Potential Biomarkers of Vitreous Seeding" Cancers 12, no. 6: 1555. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers12061555

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