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Fibroblasts as Modulators of Local and Systemic Cancer Metabolism

1
Department of Cell, Developmental & Cancer Biology, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR 97201, USA
2
Knight Cancer Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR 97201, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Co-first authors.
Cancers 2019, 11(5), 619; https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers11050619
Received: 8 April 2019 / Revised: 30 April 2019 / Accepted: 1 May 2019 / Published: 3 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metabolic Reprogramming and Vulnerabilities in Cancer)
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Abstract

Fibroblast activation is an accompanying feature of solid tumor progression, resembling a conserved host response to tissue damage. Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) comprise a heterogeneous and plastic population with increasingly appreciated roles in tumor growth, metastatic capacity, and response to therapy. Classical features of fibroblasts in a wound-healing response, including profound extracellular matrix production and cytokine release, are recapitulated in cancer. Emerging evidence suggests that fibroblastic cells in the microenvironments of solid tumors also critically modulate cellular metabolism in the neoplastic compartment through mechanisms including paracrine transfer of metabolites or non-cell-autonomous regulation of metabolic signaling pathways. These metabolic functions may represent common mechanisms by which fibroblasts stimulate growth of the regenerating epithelium during a wound-healing reaction, or may reflect unique co-evolution of cancer cells and surrounding stroma within the tumor microenvironment. Here we review the recent literature supporting an important role for CAFs in regulation of cancer cell metabolism, and relevant pathways that may serve as targets for therapeutic intervention. View Full-Text
Keywords: cancer-associated fibroblast; cancer metabolism; tumor-stroma crosstalk cancer-associated fibroblast; cancer metabolism; tumor-stroma crosstalk
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Sanford-Crane, H.; Abrego, J.; Sherman, M.H. Fibroblasts as Modulators of Local and Systemic Cancer Metabolism. Cancers 2019, 11, 619.

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