An Insight into the Roles of MicroRNAs and Exosomes in Sarcoma
AbstractSarcomas are rare solid tumors, but at least one-third of patients with sarcoma die from tumor-related disease. MicroRNA (miRNA) is a noncoding RNA that regulates gene expression in all cells and plays a key role in the progression of cancers. Recently, it was identified that miRNAs are transferred between cells by enclosure in extracellular vesicles, especially exosomes. The exosome is a 100 nm-sized membraned vesicle that is secreted by many kinds of cells and contains miRNA, mRNA, DNA, and proteins. Cancer uses exosomes to influence not only the tumor microenvironment but also the distant organ to create a premetastatic niche. The progression of sarcoma is also regulated by miRNAs and exosomes. These miRNAs and exosomes can be targeted as biomarkers and treatments. In this review, we summarize the studies of miRNA and exosomes in sarcoma. View Full-Text
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Kohama, I.; Kosaka, N.; Chikuda, H.; Ochiya, T. An Insight into the Roles of MicroRNAs and Exosomes in Sarcoma. Cancers 2019, 11, 428.
Kohama I, Kosaka N, Chikuda H, Ochiya T. An Insight into the Roles of MicroRNAs and Exosomes in Sarcoma. Cancers. 2019; 11(3):428.Chicago/Turabian Style
Kohama, Isaku; Kosaka, Nobuyoshi; Chikuda, Hirotaka; Ochiya, Takahiro. 2019. "An Insight into the Roles of MicroRNAs and Exosomes in Sarcoma." Cancers 11, no. 3: 428.
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