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Expanding the Role of the Histone Lysine-Specific Demethylase LSD1 in Cancer

1
Department of Biology, University of Naples ‘Federico II’, 80126 Naples, Italy
2
Department of Molecular Medicine and Medical Biotechnologies, University of Naples, ‘Federico II’, 80131 Naples, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Cancers 2019, 11(3), 324; https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers11030324
Received: 31 January 2019 / Revised: 25 February 2019 / Accepted: 4 March 2019 / Published: 7 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Histone Modification in Cancer)
Studies of alterations in histone methylation in cancer have led to the identification of histone methyltransferases and demethylases as novel targets for therapy. Lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1, also known as KDM1A), demethylates H3K4me1/2, or H3K9me1/2 in a context-dependent manner. In addition to the well-studied role of LSD1 in the epigenetic regulation of histone methylation changes, LSD1 regulates the methylation dynamic of several non-histone proteins and participates in the assembly of different long noncoding RNA (lncRNA_ complexes. LSD1 is highly expressed in various cancers, playing a pivotal role in different cancer-related processes. Here, we summarized recent findings on the role of LSD1 in the regulation of different biological processes in cancer cells through dynamic methylation of non-histone proteins and physical association with dedicated lncRNA. View Full-Text
Keywords: LSD1; epigenetics; histone demethylase; cancer; lncRNAs LSD1; epigenetics; histone demethylase; cancer; lncRNAs
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MDPI and ACS Style

Majello, B.; Gorini, F.; Saccà, C.D.; Amente, S. Expanding the Role of the Histone Lysine-Specific Demethylase LSD1 in Cancer. Cancers 2019, 11, 324.

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