Targeting Proteotoxic Stress in Cancer: A Review of the Role that Protein Quality Control Pathways Play in Oncogenesis
AbstractDespite significant advances in cancer diagnostics and therapeutics the majority of cancer unfortunately remains incurable, which has led to continued research to better understand its exceptionally diverse biology. As a result of genomic instability, cancer cells typically have elevated proteotoxic stress. Recent appreciation of this functional link between the two secondary hallmarks of cancer: aneuploidy (oxidative stress) and proteotoxic stress, has therefore led to the development of new anticancer therapies targeting this emerging “Achilles heel” of malignancy. This review highlights the importance of managing proteotoxic stress for cancer cell survival and provides an overview of the integral role proteostasis pathways play in the maintenance of protein homeostasis. We further review the efforts undertaken to exploit proteotoxic stress in multiple myeloma (as an example of a hematologic malignancy) and triple negative breast cancer (as an example of a solid tumor), and give examples of: (1) FDA-approved therapies in routine clinical use; and (2) promising therapies currently in clinical trials. Finally, we provide new insights gleaned from the use of emerging technologies to disrupt the protein secretory pathway and repurpose E3 ligases to achieve targeted protein degradation. View Full-Text
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Ho Zhi Guang, M.; Kavanagh, E.L.; Dunne, L.P.; Dowling, P.; Zhang, L.; Lindsay, S.; Bazou, D.; Goh, C.Y.; Hanley, C.; Bianchi, G.; Anderson, K.C.; O’Gorman, P.; McCann, A. Targeting Proteotoxic Stress in Cancer: A Review of the Role that Protein Quality Control Pathways Play in Oncogenesis. Cancers 2019, 11, 66.
Ho Zhi Guang M, Kavanagh EL, Dunne LP, Dowling P, Zhang L, Lindsay S, Bazou D, Goh CY, Hanley C, Bianchi G, Anderson KC, O’Gorman P, McCann A. Targeting Proteotoxic Stress in Cancer: A Review of the Role that Protein Quality Control Pathways Play in Oncogenesis. Cancers. 2019; 11(1):66.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ho Zhi Guang, Matthew; Kavanagh, Emma L.; Dunne, Luke P.; Dowling, Paul; Zhang, Li; Lindsay, Sinéad; Bazou, Despina; Goh, Chia Y.; Hanley, Cathal; Bianchi, Giada; Anderson, Kenneth C.; O’Gorman, Peter; McCann, Amanda. 2019. "Targeting Proteotoxic Stress in Cancer: A Review of the Role that Protein Quality Control Pathways Play in Oncogenesis." Cancers 11, no. 1: 66.
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