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Cancers 2018, 10(12), 524; https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers10120524

BRCA Mutations and Breast Cancer Prevention

1
Women’s College Research Institute, Women’s College Hospital, 76 Grenville Street, 6th Floor, Toronto, ON M5S 1B2, Canada
2
Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, 155 College St, Toronto, ON M5T 3M7, Canada
Received: 7 November 2018 / Revised: 5 December 2018 / Accepted: 17 December 2018 / Published: 19 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue BRCA Mutations and Cancer)
Full-Text   |   PDF [244 KB, uploaded 19 December 2018]   |   Review Reports

Abstract

Women who inherit a deleterious BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation face substantially increased risks of developing breast cancer, which is estimated at 70%. Although annual screening with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and mammography promotes the earlier detection of the disease, the gold standard for the primary prevention of breast cancer remains bilateral mastectomy. In the current paper, I review the evidence regarding the management of healthy BRCA mutation carriers, including key risk factors and protective factors, and also discuss potential chemoprevention options. I also provide an overview of the key findings from the literature published to date, with a focus on data from studies that are well-powered, and preferably prospective in nature. View Full-Text
Keywords: BRCA; breast cancer; prevention BRCA; breast cancer; prevention
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Kotsopoulos, J. BRCA Mutations and Breast Cancer Prevention. Cancers 2018, 10, 524.

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