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Opinion

How to Ease the Pain of Taking a Diagnostic Point of Care Test to the Market: A Framework for Evidence Development

1
NIHR Newcastle In Vitro Diagnostics Co-operative, The Newcastle Upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 4LP, UK
2
NIHR Newcastle In Vitro Diagnostics Co-operative, Room M2.088, Translational and Clinical Research Institute, William Leech Building, Medical School, Newcastle University, Newcastle NE2 4HH, UK
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Micromachines 2020, 11(3), 291; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi11030291
Received: 31 January 2020 / Revised: 6 March 2020 / Accepted: 7 March 2020 / Published: 10 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microsystems for Point-of-Care Testing)
Bringing a diagnostic point of care test (POCT) to a healthcare market can be a painful experience as it requires the manufacturer to meet considerable technical, financial, managerial, and regulatory challenges. In this opinion article we propose a framework for developing the evidence needed to support product development, marketing, and adoption. We discuss each step in the evidence development pathway from the invention phase to the implementation of a new POCT in the healthcare system. We highlight the importance of articulating the value propositions and documenting the care pathway. We provide guidance on how to conduct care pathway analysis as little has been published on this. We summarize the clinical, economic and qualitative studies to be considered for developing evidence, and provide useful links to relevant software, on-line applications, websites, and give practical advice. We also provide advice on patient and public involvement and engagement (PPIE), and on product management. Our aim is to help device manufacturers to understand the concepts and terminology used in evaluation of in vitro diagnostics (IVDs) so that they can communicate effectively with evaluation methodologists, statisticians, and health economists. Manufacturers of medical tests and devices can use the proposed framework to plan their evidence development strategy in alignment with device development, applications for regulatory approval, and publication. View Full-Text
Keywords: point of care; medical device; diagnostic; care pathway analysis; value proposition; evidence generation; preparation for marketing; adoption; implementation point of care; medical device; diagnostic; care pathway analysis; value proposition; evidence generation; preparation for marketing; adoption; implementation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Graziadio, S.; Winter, A.; Lendrem, B.C.; Suklan, J.; Jones, W.S.; Urwin, S.G.; O’Leary, R.A.; Dickinson, R.; Halstead, A.; Kurowska, K.; Green, K.; Sims, A.; Simpson, A.J.; Power, H.M.; Allen, A.J. How to Ease the Pain of Taking a Diagnostic Point of Care Test to the Market: A Framework for Evidence Development. Micromachines 2020, 11, 291. https://doi.org/10.3390/mi11030291

AMA Style

Graziadio S, Winter A, Lendrem BC, Suklan J, Jones WS, Urwin SG, O’Leary RA, Dickinson R, Halstead A, Kurowska K, Green K, Sims A, Simpson AJ, Power HM, Allen AJ. How to Ease the Pain of Taking a Diagnostic Point of Care Test to the Market: A Framework for Evidence Development. Micromachines. 2020; 11(3):291. https://doi.org/10.3390/mi11030291

Chicago/Turabian Style

Graziadio, Sara, Amanda Winter, B. C. Lendrem, Jana Suklan, William S. Jones, Samuel G. Urwin, Rachel A. O’Leary, Rachel Dickinson, Anna Halstead, Kasia Kurowska, Kile Green, Andrew Sims, A. J. Simpson, H. M. Power, and A. J. Allen 2020. "How to Ease the Pain of Taking a Diagnostic Point of Care Test to the Market: A Framework for Evidence Development" Micromachines 11, no. 3: 291. https://doi.org/10.3390/mi11030291

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