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Review

Fiber Amplifiers and Fiber Lasers Based on Stimulated Raman Scattering: A Review

National Research Council (CNR), Institute of Applied Sciences and Intelligent Systems, Via Pietro Castellino 111, 80131 Naples, Italy
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Micromachines 2020, 11(3), 247; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi11030247
Received: 10 January 2020 / Revised: 20 February 2020 / Accepted: 24 February 2020 / Published: 26 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nonlinear Photonics Devices)
Nowadays, in fiber optic communications the growing demand in terms of transmission capacity has been fulfilling the entire spectral band of the erbium-doped fiber amplifiers (EDFAs). This dramatic increase in bandwidth rules out the use of EDFAs, leaving fiber Raman amplifiers (FRAs) as the key devices for future amplification requirements. On the other hand, in the field of high-power fiber lasers, a very attractive option is provided by fiber Raman lasers (FRLs), due to their high output power, high efficiency and broad gain bandwidth, covering almost the entire near-infrared region. This paper reviews the challenges, achievements and perspectives of both fiber Raman amplifier and fiber Raman laser. They are enabling technologies for implementation of high-capacity optical communication systems and for the realization of high power fiber lasers, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: stimulated raman scattering; fiber optics; amplifiers; lasers; optical communication systems stimulated raman scattering; fiber optics; amplifiers; lasers; optical communication systems
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sirleto, L.; Ferrara, M.A. Fiber Amplifiers and Fiber Lasers Based on Stimulated Raman Scattering: A Review. Micromachines 2020, 11, 247. https://doi.org/10.3390/mi11030247

AMA Style

Sirleto L, Ferrara MA. Fiber Amplifiers and Fiber Lasers Based on Stimulated Raman Scattering: A Review. Micromachines. 2020; 11(3):247. https://doi.org/10.3390/mi11030247

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sirleto, Luigi, and Maria A. Ferrara 2020. "Fiber Amplifiers and Fiber Lasers Based on Stimulated Raman Scattering: A Review" Micromachines 11, no. 3: 247. https://doi.org/10.3390/mi11030247

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