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Micromachines 2019, 10(2), 76;

The Research on Actuation Performance of MEMS Safety-and-Arming Device with Interlock Mechanism

State Key Laboratory for Manufacturing System Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
Science and Technology on Applied Physical Chemistry Laboratory, Shaanxi Applied Physical Chemistry Research Institute, Xi’an 710061, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 December 2018 / Revised: 16 January 2019 / Accepted: 20 January 2019 / Published: 22 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced MEMS/NEMS Technology)
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Micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) safety-and-arming (S&A) device shows great potential in munition miniaturization, and it can be seen as the symbol of the fourth generation of weapons systems. In this paper, the design, fabrication, and actuation performance of a silicon based S&A device is presented. It is a multilayer stacked device, which is composed of the cover plate, the actuation chip, and the barrel plate. The electro-thermal principle is investigated in MEMS scale. With 11 V driving voltages, the structure of V-shape actuator, pawl, and slider can generate 100 μm and 45 μm displacement, and realize pulling, disengaging, and reengaging to change the device from the safety position into armed position smoothly (550 μm displacement). The rack and interlock mechanism formed by the pawl and slider gives the device the features of linear output displacement, low power consumption, input signal recognition, and sustained displacement. The 20,000 g setback acceleration is applied, and no structure damage can be found after the impact, which indicates the good anti-load ability of the MEMS S&A device. In order to solve the contradiction between the functional structure and the fabrication process, different structures are designed separately on different wafers. Both silicon and SOI wafers are used in the fabrication process, and the S&A device has been minimized into 8.5 mm × 8.5 mm × 0.8 mm successfully. View Full-Text
Keywords: MEMS S&A device; electro-thermal actuator; interlock mechanism MEMS S&A device; electro-thermal actuator; interlock mechanism

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Hu, T.; Ren, W.; Zhao, Y.; Xue, Y. The Research on Actuation Performance of MEMS Safety-and-Arming Device with Interlock Mechanism. Micromachines 2019, 10, 76.

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