Next Article in Journal
Effects of Helical Tube Electrode Structure on Mixed Machining Product Transfer in Micro-Machining Channel during Tube Electrode High-Speed Electrochemical Discharge Machining
Previous Article in Journal
Miniature Switchable Millimeter-Wave BiCMOS Low-Noise Amplifier at 120/140 GHz Using an HBT Switch
Open AccessReview

The Miniaturization of Cardiac Implantable Electronic Devices: Advances in Diagnostic and Therapeutic Modalities

Section of Electrophysiology, Arrhythmia and Pacemaker Services, Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Micromachines 2019, 10(10), 633; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi10100633
Received: 26 August 2019 / Revised: 15 September 2019 / Accepted: 17 September 2019 / Published: 21 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Implantable Microdevices, Volume II)
The Fourth Industrial Revolution, characterized by an unprecedented fusion of technologies that is blurring the lines between the physical, digital, and biological spheres, continues the trend to manufacture ever smaller mechanical, optical and electronic products and devices. In this manuscript, we outline the way cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) have evolved into remarkably smaller units with greatly enhanced applicability and capabilities. View Full-Text
Keywords: implantable cardioverter defibrillators; cardiac pacing; cardiac resynchronization therapy; implantable heart failure sensor; implantable loop recorder implantable cardioverter defibrillators; cardiac pacing; cardiac resynchronization therapy; implantable heart failure sensor; implantable loop recorder
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Trohman, R.G.; Huang, H.D.; Sharma, P.S. The Miniaturization of Cardiac Implantable Electronic Devices: Advances in Diagnostic and Therapeutic Modalities. Micromachines 2019, 10, 633.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop