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Review

Biological Control and Mitigation of Aflatoxin Contamination in Commodities

1
Institute of Food Science, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, University of Debrecen, Böszörményi str. 138, H-4032 Debrecen, Hungary
2
Institute of Nutrition, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, University of Debrecen, Böszörményi str. 138, H-4032 Debrecen, Hungary
3
Central Laboratory of Agricultural and Food Products, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, University of Debrecen, Böszörményi str. 138, H-4032 Debrecen, Hungary
4
Department of Molecular Biotechnology and Microbiology, Institute of Biotechnology, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Debrecen, Egyetem Square 1, H-4032 Debrecen, Hungary
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Toxins 2021, 13(2), 104; https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins13020104
Received: 21 December 2020 / Revised: 23 January 2021 / Accepted: 29 January 2021 / Published: 1 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Removal and Control of Mycotoxins Contamination)
Aflatoxins (AFs) are toxic secondary metabolites produced mostly by Aspergillus species. AF contamination entering the feed and food chain has been a crucial long-term issue for veterinarians, medicals, agroindustry experts, and researchers working in this field. Although different (physical, chemical, and biological) technologies have been developed, tested, and employed to mitigate the detrimental effects of mycotoxins, including AFs, universal methods are still not available to reduce AF levels in feed and food in the last decades. Possible biological control by bacteria, yeasts, and fungi, their excretes, the role of the ruminal degradation, pre-harvest biocontrol by competitive exclusion or biofungicides, and post-harvest technologies and practices based on biological agents currently used to alleviate the toxic effects of AFs are collected in this review. Pre-harvest biocontrol technologies can give us the greatest opportunity to reduce AF production on the spot. Together with post-harvest applications of bacteria or fungal cultures, these technologies can help us strictly reduce AF contamination without synthetic chemicals. View Full-Text
Keywords: biocontrol; aflatoxin; pre-harvest; post-harvest; non-aflatoxigenic; ruminal biocontrol; aflatoxin; pre-harvest; post-harvest; non-aflatoxigenic; ruminal
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MDPI and ACS Style

Peles, F.; Sipos, P.; Kovács, S.; Győri, Z.; Pócsi, I.; Pusztahelyi, T. Biological Control and Mitigation of Aflatoxin Contamination in Commodities. Toxins 2021, 13, 104. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins13020104

AMA Style

Peles F, Sipos P, Kovács S, Győri Z, Pócsi I, Pusztahelyi T. Biological Control and Mitigation of Aflatoxin Contamination in Commodities. Toxins. 2021; 13(2):104. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins13020104

Chicago/Turabian Style

Peles, Ferenc, Péter Sipos, Szilvia Kovács, Zoltán Győri, István Pócsi, and Tünde Pusztahelyi. 2021. "Biological Control and Mitigation of Aflatoxin Contamination in Commodities" Toxins 13, no. 2: 104. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins13020104

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