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Occurrence of Fungi and Fungal Toxins in Fish Feed during Storage

Institute of Natural Resource Sciences (IUNR), Zurich University of Applied Sciences, 8820 Wädenswil, Switzerland
Department of Fisheries & Aquaculture, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences & Technology, University of Ruhuna, 81000 Matara, Sri Lanka
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Toxins 2020, 12(3), 171;
Received: 16 January 2020 / Revised: 28 February 2020 / Accepted: 6 March 2020 / Published: 10 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mycotoxins in Feed: Harm to Animals)
Periods of unfavorable storing conditions can lead to changes in the quality of fish feeds, as well as the development of relevant mycotoxins. In the present study, a commercial fish feed was stored under defined conditions for four weeks. The main findings indicate that even storing fish feeds under unsuitable conditions for a short duration leads to a deterioration in quality. Mycotoxin and fungal contamination were subsequently analyzed. These investigations confirmed that different storage conditions can influence the presence of fungi and mycotoxins on fish feed. Notably, ochratoxin A (OTA) was found in samples after warm (25 °C) and humid (>60% relative humidity) treatment. This confirms the importance of this compound as a typical contaminant of fish feed and reveals how fast this mycotoxin can be formed in fish feed during storage. View Full-Text
Keywords: aquaculture; feed contamination; toxin formation aquaculture; feed contamination; toxin formation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pietsch, C.; Müller, G.; Mourabit, S.; Carnal, S.; Bandara, K. Occurrence of Fungi and Fungal Toxins in Fish Feed during Storage. Toxins 2020, 12, 171.

AMA Style

Pietsch C, Müller G, Mourabit S, Carnal S, Bandara K. Occurrence of Fungi and Fungal Toxins in Fish Feed during Storage. Toxins. 2020; 12(3):171.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pietsch, Constanze, Georg Müller, Sulayman Mourabit, Simon Carnal, and Kasun Bandara. 2020. "Occurrence of Fungi and Fungal Toxins in Fish Feed during Storage" Toxins 12, no. 3: 171.

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