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Could Pomegranate Juice Help in the Control of Inflammatory Diseases?

1
Department of Agri-Food Science and Technology (DISTAL), University of Bologna, Piazza Goidanich 60, 47521 Cesena, Italy
2
Discipline of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2017, 9(9), 958; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9090958
Received: 30 July 2017 / Revised: 19 August 2017 / Accepted: 26 August 2017 / Published: 30 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effects of Polyphenol-Rich Foods on Human Health)
Fruits rich in polyphenols, such as pomegranates, have been shown to have health benefits relating to their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Using data obtained from PubMed and Scopus, this article provides a brief overview of the therapeutic effects of pomegranate on chronic inflammatory diseases (CID) such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), metabolic and cardiovascular disorders, and other inflammatory-associated conditions, with an emphasis on fruit-derived juices. Most studies regarding the effects of pomegranate juice have focused on its ability to treat prostate cancer, diabetes, and atherosclerosis. However, pomegranate juice has shown therapeutic potential for many other illnesses. For instance, a small number of human clinical trials have highlighted the positive effects of pomegranate juice and extract consumption on cardiovascular health. The beneficial effects of pomegranate components have also been observed in animal models for respiratory diseases, RA, neurodegenerative disease, and hyperlipidaemia. Furthermore, there exists strong evidence from rodent models suggesting that pomegranate juice can be used to effectively treat IBD, and as an anti-inflammatory agent to treat CID. The effects of pomegranate intake should be further investigated by conducting larger and more well-defined human trials. View Full-Text
Keywords: pomegranate; Punica granatum; pomegranate juice; ellagitannins; inflammation; inflammatory diseases; anti-inflammatory properties pomegranate; Punica granatum; pomegranate juice; ellagitannins; inflammation; inflammatory diseases; anti-inflammatory properties
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Danesi, F.; Ferguson, L.R. Could Pomegranate Juice Help in the Control of Inflammatory Diseases? Nutrients 2017, 9, 958.

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