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Gut Microbiota and Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Insights on Mechanisms and Therapy

Center for Traditional Chinese Medicine and Systems Biology, Institute for Interdisciplinary Medicine Sciences, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China
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Nutrients 2017, 9(10), 1124; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9101124
Received: 31 August 2017 / Revised: 6 October 2017 / Accepted: 10 October 2017 / Published: 16 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Prebiotics and Probiotics)
The gut microbiota plays critical roles in development of obese-related metabolic diseases such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), type 2 diabetes(T2D), and insulin resistance(IR), highlighting the potential of gut microbiota-targeted therapies in these diseases. There are various ways that gut microbiota can be manipulated, including through use of probiotics, prebiotics, synbiotics, antibiotics, and some active components from herbal medicines. In this review, we review the main roles of gut microbiota in mediating the development of NAFLD, and the advances in gut microbiota-targeted therapies for NAFLD in both the experimental and clinical studies, as well as the conclusions on the prospect of gut microbiota-targeted therapies in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: gut microbiota; obesity; insulin resistance; NAFLD; probiotic; prebiotic; symbiotic gut microbiota; obesity; insulin resistance; NAFLD; probiotic; prebiotic; symbiotic
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Ma, J.; Zhou, Q.; Li, H. Gut Microbiota and Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Insights on Mechanisms and Therapy. Nutrients 2017, 9, 1124.

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