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Article

Beverage Intake Assessment Questionnaire: Relative Validity and Repeatability in a Spanish Population with Metabolic Syndrome from the PREDIMED-PLUS Study

1
Human Nutrition Unit, Biochemistry Biotechnology Department, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, IISPV (Institut d’Investigació Sanitària Pere Virgili); Hospital Universitari de Sant Joan de Reus, C/Sant Llorenç, 21, Reus 43201, Spain
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CIBEROBN (Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Av. Monforte de Lemos, 3-5. Pabellón 11. Planta 0, Madrid 28029, Spain
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Research Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Paseo Blas Cabrera Felipe “Físico” (s/n), Las Palmas de Gran Canaria 35016, Spain
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Hydration Science Lab, 155 Stadium dr-HPER 308Q, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
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Clinical Analysis Unit, University Hospital of Gran Canaria Dr. Negrin, Barranco de la Ballena, s/n, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria 35010, Spain
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Agricultural Statistics Lab, 101 Agricultural Annex Building, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2016, 8(8), 475; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu8080475
Received: 9 June 2016 / Revised: 22 July 2016 / Accepted: 27 July 2016 / Published: 30 July 2016
We assess the repeatability and relative validity of a Spanish beverage intake questionnaire for assessing water intake from beverages. The present analysis was performed within the framework of the PREDIMED-PLUS trial. The study participants were adults (aged 55–75) with a BMI ≥27 and <40 kg/m2, and at least three components of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS). A trained dietitian completed the questionnaire. Participants provided 24-h urine samples, and the volume and urine osmolality were recorded. The repeatability of the baseline measurement at 6 and 1 year was examined by paired Student’s t-test comparisons. A total of 160 participants were included in the analysis. The Bland–Altman analysis showed relatively good agreement between total daily fluid intake assessed using the fluid-specific questionnaire, and urine osmolality and 24-h volume with parameter estimates of −0.65 and 0.22, respectively (R2 = 0.20; p < 0.001). In the repeatability test, no significant differences were found between neither type of beverage nor total daily fluid intake at 6 months and 1-year assessment, compared to baseline. The proposed fluid-specific assessment questionnaire designed to assess the consumption of water and other beverages in Spanish adult individuals was found to be relatively valid with good repeatability. View Full-Text
Keywords: relative validity; repeatability; fluid questionnaire; beverage; PREDIMED-PLUS study; Spain relative validity; repeatability; fluid questionnaire; beverage; PREDIMED-PLUS study; Spain
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ferreira-Pêgo, C.; Nissensohn, M.; Kavouras, S.A.; Babio, N.; Serra-Majem, L.; Martín Águila, A.; Mauromoustakos, A.; Álvarez Pérez, J.; Salas-Salvadó, J. Beverage Intake Assessment Questionnaire: Relative Validity and Repeatability in a Spanish Population with Metabolic Syndrome from the PREDIMED-PLUS Study. Nutrients 2016, 8, 475. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu8080475

AMA Style

Ferreira-Pêgo C, Nissensohn M, Kavouras SA, Babio N, Serra-Majem L, Martín Águila A, Mauromoustakos A, Álvarez Pérez J, Salas-Salvadó J. Beverage Intake Assessment Questionnaire: Relative Validity and Repeatability in a Spanish Population with Metabolic Syndrome from the PREDIMED-PLUS Study. Nutrients. 2016; 8(8):475. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu8080475

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ferreira-Pêgo, Cíntia, Mariela Nissensohn, Stavros A. Kavouras, Nancy Babio, Lluís Serra-Majem, Adys Martín Águila, Andy Mauromoustakos, Jacqueline Álvarez Pérez, and Jordi Salas-Salvadó. 2016. "Beverage Intake Assessment Questionnaire: Relative Validity and Repeatability in a Spanish Population with Metabolic Syndrome from the PREDIMED-PLUS Study" Nutrients 8, no. 8: 475. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu8080475

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